She believes that an outstanding film critic has to demonstrate flexible thinking, and restrictions imposed by the theory have an adverse effect on judgment. The author argues that it is a responsibility of a critic is to expand an understanding of particular work based on subjective feelings and passion. Hence, an ideal auteur according to the auteur theory may not be described as a universal category. Kael recognizes that there is a difference between auteurs and regular directors. She criticizes Hitchcock by arguing that "his methods and approach are not those of an artist but a prestigiator" (Kael 15).
This isn’t the most realistic, as there is usually more than one individual working on a film, but the director is considered to be the guiding force. An auteur is one that has a distinct style and is one that can create films that are both commercially and aesthetically pleasing. A good example of an auteur film is The Godfather. Sarris states that an auteur is one that has a that can create both commercially and aesthetically pleasing films, and Coppola transformed a story fit for a low-budget gangster film, into something far more. As a result, The Godfather ends up becoming a successful blockbuster, but it’s also artistic, and reflective of our society.
Before this markable period, film authors were generally self-directing with open stylistic aspirations and full management over their films. The pioneering articles of Cahiers du Cinéma were a validation of mainstream genre cinema as an art form. This French magazine claimed that in order to create art there must be an artist, hence the need for an auteur, which the word means an author in French. This encouraged directors to strive for their ideal vision on the work by extending the weight of their role as a supervisor. Throughout the years, the auteur theory slowly ensconced itself as an essential key to film analysis, providing a specific guideline to evaluate a director’s film.
‘Auteur’ is a French word for author. The director’s personal creative vision is been hold by the auteur theory that a director’s reflects in film criticism. Sometimes through the group process of making a film the auteur’s creative voice can be distinct enough to shine through even with all the interference in the studio. As the creator of the film in law, the auteur is the one who originally holds the copyright. Under the European law, as a result of the auteur theory, one of the authors in the film or the director is considered as the author.
For a director to be an auteur, he or she must exert their own creative insight throughout all aspects of their cinematic works, such as the cinematography, all the way to the characterisation of each role. Anderson is a perfect example of an auteur because he communicates his stories through a signature camera style, and a narrative that conveys the humanness that one does not expect to find underneath the pompousness and flamboyant cinematic elements. Despite create a form of detachment from the viewer to the film (such as meticulous use of symmetry and miniatures), the current events that surround him allows him to create hidden links that we can relate to. He uses his films as a form of social commentary. In a world where brutality is commonplace, Anderson uses the obscure violence in his films to raise questions about society’s own ethical issues, while also relating the struggles the characters personally face to his audience.
An example of this is in the short story the "Instruction Manual". In the section of “Cronopios and Famas” this short story was inspired by a conversation Cortázar had with his wife about a staircase where he describes every detail about climbing a staircase. According to the Dictionary of Hispanic Biography, In "The Instruction Manual" Cortázar described in precise detail such everyday occurrences as crying, singing, climbing stairs, and combing hair.”(“Dictionary of Hispanic Biography”) “About crying, he wrote: "a general contraction of the face and a spasmodic sound accompanied by tears and mucus.”(“Dictionary of Hispanic Biography”). Another example of when Cortazar uses his life experiences is when he wrote “Circe”, a short story about a woman who feeds her suitors cockroaches disguised as candies. This was inspired by Cortazar’s fear of finding insects in his food (“Authors and Artists for Young
: For my presentation I have chosen to examine Steven Spielberg and what stylistic features he uses to make himself considered as an auteur. An auteur is a director that has a unique style in filming and has complete control of the production process of the film. The three films that I have chosen to focus on are E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial (1982), A.I. Artificial Intelligence(2001) and Close Encounters (1977).
Mise-en-scene is the arrangement of everything that appears on the framing of the scene actors, costumes, lighting, decoration, props, makeup, facial expressions and body language and also the camera work. ‘Denial’ scene near the beginning of the film highlights black women’s questioning of themselves, their identity and how they are in pressure and forced to run away from negative labels placed upon them by the media. This essay is going to discuss the significance in the ‘Denial chapter, I am going to focus on where Beyoncé is under water, where she removes the black sweater that was covering her, where she swims and floats around in a beautiful bedroom. In my close analysis of the scene, I am going to show that in the film the technique mise-en-scene was used to show that the film Lemonade represents the character’s consciousness, thoughts and emotions. Mise-en-scene in the film of Beyoncé Lemonade includes the director’s creative control of the way in which we view the scene, which includes costumes, makeup, setting, lighting and the staging within the frame of the film.
Mise-en-scene is all about settings and arrangements in front of the screen and how the story will flow at scene. Every single detail in the scene is able to tell stories or give information to the audiences from the producer. The last scene of the movie, where Joe and Alice are both back to the arms of their fathers and watch the alien goes back to where it belongs, is going to be used to discuss for the analysis of mise-en-scene as it presents an emotional, sensation feel, that is different from the main genre of the movie which is science-fiction and mystery. The characters in front the scene are the main leads of this movie which is Jack, Joe, Alice, and Louis. The settings of background behind them has clearly shown that it was a great mess after the destruction of the alien in town.
Within a scene, everything is carefully thought out and serves a purpose. These elements that make up a scene are called Mise-en-scéne. The biggest purpose is to give the audience a sense of realism and further suspend their disbelief. For example, the props, costumes, makeup, lighting, setting, etc. are all chosen to seem natural so that