While France, Russia, and Britain became early on allies. and America eventually joined to help its allies, due to unrestricted submarine warfare (Adelblue “An End to the Great War”). Militarism, alliances, and nationalism fueled one of the worlds biggest wars, World War I. Militarism was one of the main causes of World War I, and was started by Social Darwinism. Each of the countries involved used their militaries to eliminate weaker groups and nations. This caused tension, leading to armies and navies expanding in each nation (Adelblue “Setting the
Benito Mussolini, a former social Journalist, who was the leader that seized power and coined the term of Fascism. His ideas were fascist that aligns more with the authoritarian of modernity, believing that everything an individual does needs to be for the State over all other motives. Fascism combines mass movement with the aggression of authoritarian nationalism, antisocialist, and anti-liberal values. Mussolini’s fascism represented a counterrevolution following the Russian Revolution of 1917. Landowners and factory owners paid vigilante groups to attack socialist leaders.
The economic instability and social unrest brought on by war can serve as creative fodder for those artists enduring its hostilities. For Italian filmmakers, the devastation of WWII was a catalyst that propelled the national cinema into groundbreaking narrative formulas and new aesthetics. Postwar film initiatives sought to reinvent Italian cinema and achieved such with the emergence of neo-realism. This nationwide cinematic movement audaciously aimed to authentically capture the effects of war on Italian society with an indiscriminating lens. This meant trading the conventions of Hollywood melodrama for a simplistic narrative grounded in humanity.
The Treaty of Versailles had an immense significance over Germany in 1919-1939 as it would cause large political, economical, financial, geographical, and military changes for Germany and would result in the rise of the Nazis. The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty to help “settle” international conflicts after World War 1 by deciding who was responsible for the war and how they should be punished. The treaty was written up by Great Britain, France, and The United States of America. Germany was ultimately decided as responsible for the war and was punished heavily as a result. This was in large part due to the complaints of George Clemenceau about the treaty’s original leniency.
Adolf Hitler in Germany, Benito Mussolini in Italy, Francisco Franco in Spain and Juan Perón in Argentina were well-known fascist leaders of the 20th century. Robert Paxton, a professor emeritus of social science at Columbia University in New York who is widely considered the father of fascism studies, defined fascism as "a form of political practice distinguishing to the 20th century that arouses popular enthusiasm by sophisticated propaganda techniques for an anti-liberal, anti-socialist, violently exclusionary, expansionist nationalist agenda." Fascists saw World War I as a revolution that took
Hitler used the idea of artworks to control the Germans and manipulate them to love the regime and believe in it at all costs. Hitler wanted was to manipulate the people in the name of struggling to defend the survival of the state and lead them into World War 2. Hitler 's regime spent a lot of tax payer 's money to recruit and train soldiers. The artists’ artworks encouraged and boosted the morale of soldiers in order to believe and love Hitler’s regime and its ideals. Through the use of art, Hitler promoted the view that the primary creative impulse was more of political than artistic .
In order to support this view, I will analyse the poems Anthem for doomed youth and Dulce Et Decorum Est. Patriotic organizations (as the Central Committee for National Patriotic Organizations) and nationalists views help establish a propaganda machine that twist the real image of war. Even before the war broke out in 1914, many people saw the conflict with Germany inevitable considering the vast amounts of pro-war propaganda circulated by the government, the press private patriotic organizations, and even popular British authors. Its purpose was to "build up the image of national and allied leaders as the embodiment of courage, heroism, and resolution, while the enemy leaders become the embodiment of evil and the scapegoats for the war." To the British, it was their duty to fight against Germany; it was a just cause that should be
Unsurprisingly, Germany desired to seek revenge on the treaty. In conditions like this it is evident why Hitler was able to rise to power in an unstable society/nation. The economic collapse in Germany affected the everyday lives of the population and gave Hitler an “inroad to the masses” who had struggled with hyperinflation and unemployment as well. Unlike the failed Weimar Republic, Hitler was able to promise “food, employment, and the restoration of national pride” to the people and this earned him national popularity (Graebner, Bennett 120-122). The German people hoped for a revolution.
The discontent of the Germans and the Italians with the Paris peace settlement paved the way for the outbreak of the second world war . This is why many historians believe that the second world war was a continuation of the first world war .in 1919, Mussolini formed a political party called the fascist party . in October 1922, Mussolini seized powers and later declared himself as the leader of Italy. He banned all other political parties except the fascist party and followed an expansionist foreign policy Mussolini’s aggression finally led Italy into second world war
This action infuriated the American public and the US government. The United States would break its isolationism and enter the war. America’s entry in the war, even though late, 1917 assured victory for the British and French against the Germans. At the end of the war, the United States was quick to leave behind its European commitments regardless of President Woodrow Wilson’s effort’s to have the US more engaged in world affairs through the League of Nations. Again, the Russian revolution intervene because of the wretched condition for peasants and workers in that nation.
The way in which Europeans saw themselves after the industrial revolution is the only thing that should be blamed for the occurrence of WWI. The extreme Self-confidence or the megalomania that Europeans had during 19th century contributed significantly to WWI. The historical events and patterns created that megalomania. Victorian culture, successful practice of imperialism, successful nationalism movements in Germany and Italy all made Europeans to believe that there has to be something in their blood; so that could completely shape a new world. According to the lecture, “WWI started because of the culmination of national rivalries”.
The United States entered World War I April 6th, 19417. The US joined allies with Britain, France, and Russia to fight in World War I under the commander of Major General John J. Pershing. The US joined World War I for three main causes including moral, economic, and political reasons. Morally, United States citizens were called to duty to enlist in war because of propaganda from anti-German 's. Economically, American citizens entered war to secure economic productivity better yet, make a profit.
This had created an opposition among us fellow Bolsheviks. Lenin did not trust the masses to make a revolution he felt they were only capable of a trade union consciousness. He had favoured a dictatorship of the Bolshevik party over the working class. He had begun to not trust us rank and files of the Bolshevik party workers. Lenin had begun to get his ideas out with a newspaper called Pravda, I personally enjoyed reading his paper and it had become at once in his hands a powerful instrument to overthrow of bourgeois society.
Kennan 's 'long telegram ' and ideas on Containment are what is thought to have been a major factor in the transition from alliance to Cold War between the Soviets and the US. Below are outlined some of Kennan 's key points on the sources of Soviet Conduct such as Communist ideology and the potential ways for the US to deal with the Soviets, including the idea of 'containment '. One key point was that it was Kennan 's belief that in order to understand Soviet aims and conduct we must look at the Communist ideologies and beliefs. The Soviets strongly believed that Capitalism was an evil plague that threatened Communist ways of life and needed to be eventually overthrown. They thought of Capitalism as exploiting working class citizens, being inconsistent in its economic and political development and believed that its destruction would be inevitable.