Authoritarianism In China

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Introduction China is having a rapid economic development since forty years ago. Its significant social change is the enormous numbers of folks migrate from rural areas to urban areas. In the period of 2000 to 2012, the proportion of flowing population raised from 1.21 millions to 2.36 millions. (National Population Census, 2013) Recently, the migrate workers (flowing population) tended to bring their children with them. However, the citizens’welfare system, school enrollment system or even healthcare system was according to the Hukou household registration system. The National Bureau Of Statistic Of China (2013) commented on the status of child education, “Millions of school-aged migrant children still failed to receive or complete compulsory…show more content…
In the post-Mao period in China, the state’s chairman who mastered his political powers as he was the commander of the state army and the party’s president. They said, “The political decisions and national policies were made strictly “from top to bottom” through a pyramidal administrative structure.” Kenneth Lieberthal had described the phenomenon the power hierarchy in central government while remaining the chances for competition among institutions and making the bargaining opportunities between governments and institutions as Fragmented Authoritarianism. This phenomenon was coined “fragmented authoritarianism” by Lampton in 1987. Kenneth Lieberthal and Michael Oksenberg had introduced an essential policy-makings and implementations model called “fragmented authoritarianism” (FA) in 1988. The fragmented and lack of cooperated Chinese political system had appeared since 1970s…show more content…
A Hukou residential registration policy was widely and strictly imposed around China since 1949. The registration policy needed the floating citizens, who moved out their district of registered domicile for work, to enroll and get a permit of the new city from the local police department. (Liang and Chen 2007; Yan 2005). Comparing to the local residents, the migrant workers did not have equal treatments in social benefits. In addition, an enormous demand for education in Beijing since many temporary residents brought their children with them or gave birth in the period of migration. The migrant children deserved a better regulation to access school. Also, there were some non-financial obstacles in Beijing, for examples, the limited quotas of Hukou, unsatisfying registration practices, insufficient of licensed academic institutions and

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