But the study also makes it clear that to guarantee kids’ healthy development, both parents should develop an authoritative style at home, communicate, and build a good relationship with their own children, especially in an eastern country with collective society like India, where they emphasize family integrity and unity. In the same context study supporting the authoritative parental style a study was conducted in Sweden regarding adolescent achievement strategies and parental style. The study revealed that because authoritative parents encourage their young child to be independent, responsible and aware, this child when become adolescent, he will be able to choose and
Although parents may differ in how they exert control or socialize their children and the extent to which they do so, it is assumed that the primary role of all parents is to influence, educate, and socialize their children. The authoritative style of parenting has the following characteristics: an expectation of independence and mature behaviour from the child and clear setting of standards by the parents; firm enforcement of rules and standards, using commands and sanctions when necessary; encouragement of the child’s independence and individuality. Baumrind (1991), stated that in parental control and support, authoritative parenting style is high. She found that the
Parenting Style Worksheet (Min of 300 words) Briefly explain the 3-4 parenting styles described in the book. -Dominating/Authoritarian: This is a parent who is a strong believer in rules and provides high expectation for a child’s behavior. These caregivers seldom show affection toward their children. They are harsh when correcting bad behaviors. Kids have low self-esteem.
These parents are low in warmth and nurturance. On the other hand, authoritative style place rules and demands on the child, but explain the reasoning for them. They are high in warmth and nurturance (Hutchison et al.,2016). Baumrind believes that parenting styles are a pertinent factor to a child's socioemotional development. Permissive parents make few demands and do not usually use punishment.
Firstly, children in this style have the lowest rate of attachment as there are no parent-child interaction between them. Due to lack of emotional responsiveness and love from their caregivers, these children tend to display deficits in cognition, attachment, emotional skills and social skills (Cherry, May 2016). Apart from this, this parenting style may also contribute to the adoption of the pessimistic attitude in children. They may be reluctant to talk to others. For instance, they may not be willing to participate in any group activities and isolate themselves by playing alone in one corner in the classroom.
There are multiple parenting styles such as the assertive style, the aggressive style, and the permissive style. It’s necessary to educate parents about best parenting practices as well as to inform them on how the law defines child abuse. Children need discipline and punishment in order to learn from their mistakes in which they have made, but too much punishment could lead to child abuse and inadequate parenting styles. The most effective parenting style would be the assertive style. This
Another study of adolescents in the San Francisco Bay Area also showed that authoritarian parenting style was linked with lower school grades (Dornbusch et al 1987). That means authoritarian style is not an effective way to help children seek for accomplishment. Indeed, other parenting styles are the better way to perform more outstandingly. Kingsley Nyarko (2011) suggested that there is a positive relationship between authoritativeness of parents and academic performance of their adolescent. These parents might have high expectation on children, but they will give appropriate support to them and praise them in response to good result.
The different approaches to discipline can even influence a child’s mood and temperament into adulthood. There are four major recognized parenting styles: authoritative, neglectful, permissive, and authoritarian. Each parenting style uses a different approach to discipline.
How parents impact child development has been a long interest in the field of psychology. It is evident in recent researches that there are convincing links between parenting styles and the effects these styles have on children’s self-esteem. The term, “parenting styles” refers to behaviours and strategies used by parents to control and socialise their children (Lightfoot, Cole & Cole, 2009). According to Baumrind (1971), there are three types of parenting styles, namely authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive. It was later re-evaluated by Maccoby and Martin (1983) into four styles, which are authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful.
One of the greatest challenges in human kind is to find the best parenting styles to educate their children (Hong, 2012). “Indubitably, all parents want their children to succeed at school, but not all parents are successful in facilitating [this] success” (Mandell & Sweet, 2004, cited in Areepattamannil, 2010, p.283). According to Hong (2012), in order for the parents to furnish the desirable and sustainable parenting skills for their children’s healthy development, it is essential to understand and inquire into the impact of the various types of parenting styles towards their children’s behavior, especially their academic performance in school. According to the developmental psychologist, Diana Baumrind (Verenikina, Vialle & Lysaght, 2011),