After being stranded on an island with no sign of rescue or grownups, the schoolboys need some form of government or leader to rule them all. The first day they discover they are not alone, the boys elect Ralph, one of the older boys, to lead them. He believes they need authority, in place of the grownups. Otherwise, chaos will break out, as it does later on. Golding’s Lord of the Flies serves as a perfect illustration of Hobbes’s philosophy on the brutish, selfish nature of man and, therefore, the need for a strong government.
Societies and the people that constitute them vary widely across the globe and throughout history. But how do these societies impact the people that are a part of it, and vice versa? Authors George Orwell and William Golding each addressed this question in their respective books, 1984 and Lord of the Flies. In 1984, a man named Winston struggles with an oppressive, totalitarian government called the Party, which represents itself through a symbolic figurehead known as Big Brother. The Party wants complete control over every aspect of their citizens’ lives, and to achieve this, it surveils them constantly. Meanwhile, in Lord of the Flies, the situation is very different- several young boys have crashed onto a uninhabited island and have to find a way to survive. In the absence of any structure, the boys wreak havoc on the island, despite their efforts to create a working system of authority. George Orwell’s 1984 and William Golding’s Lord of the Flies provide differing views on the relationship between individuals and society, understood through characterization of Winston and Jack, and the social hierarchies present in each text.
The famous 17th century poet Jean de la Fontaine once said “Anyone entrusted with power will abuse it if not also animated with the love of truth and virtue, no matter whether he be a prince, or one of the people.” When the children in Lord of the Flies find themselves stranded on a distant island with no adults to be found, they encounter many forms of power, hence encountering many forms of abuse of power as well. This power abuse can be organized by the two leaders who each ruled the island during their own periods. In Lord of the Flies, William Golding utilizes these leaders, Ralph and Jack, to illustrate how people in positions of power will abuse their power for personal gain when given the opportunity.
When children are little, they are taught never to give up and persevere through tough times. But perseverance is one of the hardest life stills to learn. We can see this problem in main characters in many fiction novels. In Elie Wiesel’s Night and William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, the main characters of these pieces of literature want to pursue their hopes, but eventually the determination wanes. In Night, Elie was optimistic when he was first taken away by the Germans and believed he would eventually find the rest of his family, happy and healthy. But as he sees the devastating treatment of other inmates, his hope dwindles. In Lord of the Flies, Ralph is confident that they will get saved if he keeps the fire going. As the fire continues to extinguish, Ralph’s hope also diminishes. Human nature in people causes them to
Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, is a novel that revolves around the concept of civilization versus savagery. The boys argue about points that eventually split the boys amongst themselves. These disputes come up multiple times over the course of the novel. One of which being the fight over the leader of the boys. Some believed the leader should be Jack while others believed it should be Ralph. Ralph was the leader of the civilized group, and Jack was the leader of the savage and bloodthirsty hunting group. Important arguments between the civilized boys and savage boys come up in three important moments throughout the book: when the signal fire is allowed to go out and a boat passes by the island, when Jack leaves the civilized group to create his group of savages, and when the savages steal Piggy’s glasses to make their own fire.
The Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a warning to all about human’s natural instincts and the flimsy idea of society’s civilization. After the schoolboys’ airplane crashed on the island with no surviving adults, it was up to them to create a system or government of some sort to prevent absolute chaos. In the beginning of the novel all the boys’ had their sense of civilization still intact. As the reader can see throughout the book, Jack, Ralph, and Piggy are symbols of how dominant human instincts can easily take over the weak rules of civilization.
Blake describes how social hierarchy has always been in the world and that can affect our view in things.. The church officials thought the orphans would be happy serving the higher class since the church officials are servants of God and in their religion they refer to God as the most powerful being. They thought the orphans would be happy serving the higher class, and the orphans were meant to serve. Whispering words telling the orphans that if they do their duty, they would go to heaven and meet God too. The church officials thought they were better and had a better position than most people so they assumed that people should feel entitled to serve them. The speaker makes the church by saying the lines: “They clothed me in the clothes of
Ever so often we are faced with the horrendous acts humankind is capable of. The Lord of the Flies written by William Golding is a fictional book about a group of british school boys who get stranded on an island which showcases the savagery we are all capable of. They lose their civility and become savages, and as a result some die such as Simon, Piggy and the boy with the birthmark. Until they are saved at last by a naval officer. All in all Ralph’s poor leadership and Jack’s unrestrained brutality were the ultimate reason for the islands demise.
“What are we? Humans? Or animals? Or savages? (79)”, this quote is from the book, Lord of the Flies by William Golding. Which is about a group of young boys that are marooned on an island for quite some time and have to make their own society. Ralph steps up as the leader of the boys but later on in the book, the position is taken by Jack which turns chaotic. The chaos leads to many problems within the group of boys. In the book, Lord of the Flies by William Golding, it is shown that individuals make up society, Jack’s tribe shows this by controlling the boys with his beliefs, and making up his own rules that break the initial ones, although, the opposing side may say that society shapes the individuals.
Democratic power can be used to control a society, as well as establish a closeness as civilians. To lose sight of this can mean the corruption of a civilization caused by the lack of order. One’s choice of independence in order to better the chances of their survival requires complete dedication and willingness to risk. In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, Ralph loses his democratic power due to his failure to ensure survival and protect the boys as a leader. Ralph’s failure to lead the group is due to his initial and chronic independence and inability to compete with Jack’s followers, accounted for mainly by fear. His integrity enables a growing confidence in his ability to avoid reliance on leadership power in order to survive. Ralph’s
In the 1940s, William Golding experienced the Second World War - a grave time of horrible happenings. Golding, author of Lord of the Flies, witnessed the different approaches to leadership during war, and how these approaches shaped society in various ways. The theme of differing leadership types is evident in Lord of the Flies, set during World War II, in which a plane crash leaves a group of British school boys stranded on an island. In the book, we are introduced to two boys in pursuit of power - Jack and Ralph. The contrast of their leadership portrays Jack as a Machiavellian and Ralph as a democratic leader which displays their struggle for power to either destroy or benefit the community.
“Power is dangerous. It attracts the worst and corrupts the best.” When the young boys first gathered after the crash, they were civil, mostly well behaved boys until the need for power took advantage of them. Two crucial symbols from the novel are the sow’s head and the conch shell. Each of these symbols represent power however, their powers have different meanings. Consequently, the demand for power thrived on their souls and drove them to their breaking points. Lord of the Flies is about the role of power and control in the world and how it can enhance society or bring civilization as we know it, crumbling down. Throughout the novel, the leaders in the book, use certain symbols and objects to give them authority over the other boys and have law and order on the island. Nevertheless, the pig’s head and the conch both wield a certain power over the boys while giving control to the leaders of the group, but in the end, their obsession over control is what makes them lose control.
In the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding, Ralph and Jack compete to have the title of chief, this illustrates Golding's message that in society dictatorship can be more successful than democracy. Characters in this novel resemble people in WWII. Jack is a symbol of dictatorship and Ralph is a symbol of democracy. Though in the beginning of the novel Ralph had control, Jacks dictatorship caused him to take total control. Between the two boys Jack is the more successful leader.
In the book The Lord of the Flies we can see that many conflicts happen while the kids are in the island, most of these conflicts are struggled to be solved. The main conflict and the one that I 'm going to be talking about is the conflict between Ralph and Jack, were both boys compete for power. Ralph is more civilized and tries to make a fire and build tents while Jack is more of a savage who uses violence and wants to hunt all the time.