According to the Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition). It states that an individual with Autistic Spectrum Disorder has persistent defects in the social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts. They have restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests, or activities. For a diagnosis to be made, symptoms must be present in the early developmental period. Symptoms can cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning.
Muscles in the jaw and tongue, required for proper speech and oral movements can be impacted by cerebral palsy which can cause difficulty talking, drooling, chewing and even breathing. Depending on the type of cerebral palsy you have, there are different impairments involving speech. People with spastic cerebral palsy have slow and tend to struggle with oral movements that require a lot of effort. Athetoid cerebral palsy cases have difficulty controlling their face movements. They cannot control their movements that their face makes and vocal cords, this results in random sounds and mumbling.
Miller (2010) conjectured that children who grow up under authoritarian parenting styles often experience long term emotional consequences. They tend to have poor social skills, low self-esteem, anger and higher rates of depression and anxiety. It is due to independence is discouraged; children are taught to follow rules rather than taking initiatives. They are not taught how to think. This lack of independence, both emotional and physical, can eventually result in low self-esteem.
Assignment- A written account of the main implications of children’s misconceptions in Primary Science. A science misconception is where children have an incorrect idea of a science topic that causes a barrier in understanding and to learning in all levels of education (Allen 2014), children’s idea’s come from their life experiences and the interaction which they display to other children and adults that shapes their ideas and understanding (Sewell, 2014). It can be influenced by many things such as the media or even from family or friends for example the Cars (2006) movie which shows children that cars are alive and have human facial features this leads to the children obtaining a misconception that cars are alive. However, children already have a bit of knowledge about science before entering school which is why they have their own understanding of how the world works during their time in the classroom. (Henriques 2002).
Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by continuous problems in social communication and interaction, besides with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities. ASD stands for Autism Spectrum Disorder and can sometimes be referred to as Autistic Spectrum Disorder. As stated by the Medical News Today (2015), Autism Spectrum Disorder is a wide-spectrum disorder. This means that there will be no same people who will have the exact and same symptoms. And as well as experiencing altering combinations of symptoms, because some people will have mild symptoms while others will have severe ones.
Stuttering is often more severe when there is increased pressure to communicate. Children who stutter may also be at risk for experiencing bullying. Researchers are still studying the underlying causes of persistent stuttering. A combination of factors may be involved to cause stuttering. Some evidence indicates that abnormalities in speech motor control, such as timing, sensory and motor coordination, are implicated.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an amalgam of neurodevelopment disorders that are manifested as mild to severe deficiencies in social and communication interactions coupled with limited, repetitive and stereotypical behavioral patterns (American Psychiatric Association, 2012). This spectrum of disorders may occur independently or jointly in a patient. ASD being a behavior disorder requires a complex and comprehensive behavioral evaluation sometimes making it difficult to accurately
Unfit parents negatively affect the child’s emotional development, which leads to behavioral problems. Most parents have o intention to hurt their child on purpose, but sometimes they do it out of lack of experience or parenting skills (Lackovi-Grgin, 2000; Aberle et al., 2007). Adolescent Self-
THIRD PARTY DISABILITY IN MOTHERS OF CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS WITH CEREBRAL PALSY. Abstract: Introduction: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder of movement and posture due to a defect or lesion of the immature brain (Cruickshank, 1964). In fact, it is attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occur during brain development in foetus or infant. CP disorders are accompanied by various disorders like speech, auditory, visual abnormality, seizure, learning disorder, mental retardation etc. Due to the variation in projection of these disorders, it ultimately changes the needs that arise in the wake of the disorders, thus making understanding the various needs of these patients essential.
These challenges a special child faces are usually doubled. On one hand, they struggle with the symptoms and disabilities that result from the disease. On the other, they are challenged by the stereotypes and prejudice that result from misconceptions about special child. As a result of both, children with special needs are denied of the opportunities that define a quality life. there are other things such as bullying, parental neglect, social acceptability, low self esteem, community misconception and stigma that a special child has to face in his/her routine life.