What is Autism? “Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder, refers to a range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communications, as well as by unique strengths and differences” Some facts about autism are “ The CDC(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) estimates autism/s prevalence a 1 in 68 children in the United
People with dyslexia have the same chance of being successful as someone without dyslexia. Children and adults with dyslexia face hardship everyday because they have a learning disability. According to an article published by the World of Health, How well a person with dyslexia functions in life depends on the way the disability affects the person. There is a great deal of variation among different people with dyslexia, producing different symptoms and different degrees of severity” (World of Health 2). Children are put in LD, remedial, or special education courses just because they cannot read or write as well as other children.
Conducted a case-control study of 6- to 12-year-old children with UHL compared with sibling controls (74 pairs, n = 148). Scores on the oral portion of the Oral and Written Language Scales (OWLS) were the primary outcome measure. Multivariable analysis was used to determine whether UHL independently predicted OWLS scores after we controlled for potential confounding variables. Children with UHL had worse scores than their siblings on language comprehension (91 vs 98; P = .003), oral expression (94 vs 101; P = .007), and oral composite (90 vs 99; P < .001). UHL independently predicted these OWLS scores when multivariable regression was used with moderate effect sizes of 0.3 to 0.7.
Previous institutionalization is one popular sampling criterion (Floor, Baxter, Rosen, and Zisfein, 1975). According to Feldman (1986) children with intellectual disability are defined on the basis of IQ (intelligence quotient) scores alone, although cut-off scores vary markedly. A social systems definition of intellectual disability as a criterion is also popular (Booth and Booth, 1995). In this approach, children meet the inclusion criteria if a key informant (usually a service provider) identifies them as having an intellectual disability and they use or have used specialist services intended for people with this
Autism is a set of diverse brain development conditions, distinguished by difficulties with verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and oddly repetitive behaviors and interests. Comorbidity, which is the presence of two chronic diseases in a patient, is very common in autism. Genetics plays a key role in the cause of autism, in correspondence with developmentally early environmental factors. Weirdly, autism affects more males than females. Detecting autism at an early stage is essential for early intervention.
Mainstreaming Deaf children into the Hearing ways of life not only prevents Deaf children from learning their own ways of life, but also introduces identity conflicts. It forces them to choose sides and ultimately stray far from their own Deaf identities in the process. Having Deaf students attending an all-Hearing school might increase their knowledge of how to mingle with Hearing students, but does not help them learn as much versus when they are in a Deaf school surrounded by
It always seems odd to me when people ask me what it is like to be on the autism spectrum. Often, I notice that I forget that everyone around me is not autistic like I am. But sometimes, something will happen that snaps me back into painful awareness that I am not neurotypical. I have noticed this most when it comes to my experiences with school. Because autism is such a huge part of who I am as an individual, autism has impacted my education in many different ways.
For statistical purpose and in order to quantify pain ,the faces are assigned to numerical value .43Several variants of face scales 43 have been developed to measure children’s level of pain. Numerical rating scales use numbers (i.e. 0–5, 0–10, 0–100) to reflect increasing degrees of pain.They are argued to be appropriate for children because they do not employ sophisticated words or abstract numerical values. Psychometrics have generally been strong for these scales.Faces scales have been shown to correlate highly with other self-report indices (Spafford, von Baeyer, & Hicks, 2002), behavioral measures of pain (MacLaren& Cohen, 2005), and to be sensitive to analgesic and nonpharmacological interventions (Gold, Hyeon Kim, Kant, Joseph, & Rizzo, 2006; Spafford et al., 2002), to decrease during postprocedure (Paik &Ahn, 2002; Smith, Shah, Goldman, & Taddio,2007), and to vary depending on the pain stimulus (e.g., different immunizations; Wood et al.,
ABSTRACT Trisomy 18 is a common autosomal trisomy syndrome. It is due to either full or partial presence of an extra copy of chromosome 18. Its prevalence correlates positively with advanced maternal age. Affected infants usually exhibit a variable pattern of anomalies including growth restriction, marked psychomotor and cognitive disability and an array of physical findings including characteristic craniofacial features, clenched fists with overriding fingers, small fingernails, underdeveloped thumbs, short sternum and heart and kidney anomalies. The majority of these infants die within the first year of life; only 5% to 10% of them survive longer.
In some instances, a child may appear to be hitting language development milestones, however may regress massively before their 5th birthday. Normal development milestones indicate that a 2-year-old should be able to use a minimum of 10 different words appropriately, however a child on the autism spectrum may have fewer or even none. It is to be noted that a child on the autism spectrum may