Brief case history of child and mother was taken. The validated tool was administered on the mothers of children and teenagers with CP through a face-to-face interview or mothers were asked to fill in by themselves. The responses were documented appropriately. The mean range of obtained raw data was analyzed and tabulated. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:
Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by continuous problems in social communication and interaction, besides with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities. ASD stands for Autism Spectrum Disorder and can sometimes be referred to as Autistic Spectrum Disorder. As stated by the Medical News Today (2015), Autism Spectrum Disorder is a wide-spectrum disorder. This means that there will be no same people who will have the exact and same symptoms. And as well as experiencing altering combinations of symptoms, because some people will have mild symptoms while others will have severe ones.
Our main purpose is to ensure that the team understand, the bond between the mother and her child, has an impact on her child’s emotional and psychosocial development. As my partner is previously a registered nurse, and she has the knowledge and experiences on the topic, she volunteers to prepare and present the issue. Most of the preparations and research are done using the readings. Two of the readings that both of us always refer to is, from Rosemary Roberts, Wellbeing from birth and Young Children’s Health and Wellbeing by Angela Underdown. In the earlier reading mentioned the concept “interplay” between the mother and child that brought the awareness of self and other during the infancy.
How parents impact child development has been a long interest in the field of psychology. It is evident in recent researches that there are convincing links between parenting styles and the effects these styles have on children’s self-esteem. The term, “parenting styles” refers to behaviours and strategies used by parents to control and socialise their children (Lightfoot, Cole & Cole, 2009). According to Baumrind (1971), there are three types of parenting styles, namely authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive. It was later re-evaluated by Maccoby and Martin (1983) into four styles, which are authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful.
It is evident that Holden Caulfield’s anxiety and depression in The Catcher in the Rye directly correlates to the realities of child anxiety and depression. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, anxiety disorders affect one in eight children. Common rationales that lead to child anxiety and depression include formidable parents, parental conflict, separation anxiety, academic pressure, sexual abuse and bullying (Mahale). Influences of paternal, maternal, and social structure results in child disorders such as anxiety and depression.
The expression "pervasive formative issue," likewise called Pdds, alludes to a gathering of conditions that include postpones in the advancement of numerous fundamental abilities. PDD incorporate a few that are described via impeded equal social communication, unusual dialect advancement and limited behavioral collection. There are five sorts of pervasive improvement issue: • autistic issue • asperger's confusion • rett's confusion • childhood disintegrative issue (additionally called disintegrative psychosis) • pervasive improvement issue, not generally defined (PDD-NOS) Youngsters with a mental imbalance are less ready to collaborate with the world as other kids do. Regularly they have shortages in three key zones: social
(Karagiannis,Stainback & Stainback, 1996). Children with mental retardation, behavioural or emotional problems and children with visual, hearing or physical and other health impairments can be categorised as children with Special Education Needs. That being said, Special Education can be described as the education of children who have social differences in a mental and a physical perspective from the average person, in a manner that they usually need amendments in the usual educational tasks of schools. Historically, people with disabilities have not being treated nicely.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often studied in touch with learning disabilities, but it is not actually included in the standard definitions of learning disabilities(%). The struggles people with ADHD can learn adequately once they successfully treated for the ADHD. Diagnoses of people with ADHD sometimes appear impaired learning. Some causes of ADHD may involve lack of motivation, anxiety, and the failure to process information (11). There are four aspects of learning disabilities, The two categories of types of learning disabilities, the causes of it, and the contrast with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Introduction This critical review discusses three articles on the policy and practice of child protection in schools. In the TOPIC article “Protecting Children in the Primary School”, Rosemary Webb and Graham Vulliamy examined the difficulties faced by Child Protection Coordinators and their possibilities to overcome them. The study by Helen Buckley and Kathryn McGarry in the Child Abuse Review article “Lessons on Child Protection: A Survey of Newly Qualified Primary-Level Teachers in Ireland” calls for “the standardization of the operation of child protection procedures”. In Health Education article “Child protection drama in primary school- an effective educational approach?”
Autism is known as a disorder of the neural development of a person, which is routinely defined by both impeded communication and social interaction. It is also characterized by behavior that is both repetitive as well as restrictive. All of these signs of autism can be observed in people when they are still very young, usually before the age of 3. This disorder has a reputation for impacting how the brain processes information through changing how both nerve cells as well as their synapses associate and get organized. Because of the aforementioned problems that stem from autism, it is a disorder that clearly creates a lot of lifestyle dilemmas for the person who has to endure this disorder.
The CDC website introduces ADHD as a neurobehavioral or deficit disorder that affects children’s in all ages and sometimes it can have incurred into adulthood. ADHD has no cure, but there is help and treatment out there to control it. ADHD also has three different types. Predominately inattentive presentation, Hyperactive impulse presentation and combined presentation. Some of the causes for this condition can be brain injury or causes within the early stage of life.
From the moment a child is born, he or she has basic needs for comfort and affection that should be met. Children that are not properly nurtured early in life do not form quality attachments with adults and learn that they cannot be trusted to meet the child’s needs. Reactive attachment disorder can develop when the child does not form loving, secure, and stable attachments with others, caused by inadequate or inconsistent care, maternal depression or separation, abuse, or neglect, among other things. As the child ages, this can lead to a myriad of difficulties, some examples being issues regulating emotions and behavior, a lack of cause and effect thinking, a desire to be in control, poor peer relationships, lying, and a destructive, impulsive, and manipulative nature. It is believed that children with reactive attachment disorder have the ability to form secure attachments, but this capacity has been compromised by their experiences early in life.