Automobile Safety Design: Crumple Zones: Auto Safety
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Every year, on average 1.3 million people die from road crashes, and around 20 -50 million people are left injured. Every year, about 1,000 deaths take place every day on the road. And as the population of people on our planet increases, more incidents will take place. (“Crumple Zone”) Auto safety has been major developments, since first being investigated on, and one of the most important innovations has been the crumple zone. These zones are the parts of a car that are designed to crumple and deform in a crash. Thus absorbing some of the energy of the crash, preventing it from impacting the passengers on board the vehicle. (Raymond)
The crumple zones are structural parts of the car placed at the front and the rear of a car. They were first invented by Bela Barenyi, a Mercedes-Benz engineer, in the 1950s, and are one of the most basic features of safety design. ("Crumple Zones.") Before the invention, early automobile design theories saw the rigid structure of a car as very resistant during an accident as it didn’t allow any deformations, this meant that a crash scenario lead to severe death or injury as all the forces were transferred to the passengers immediately. Barenyi’s design was the result of questioning whether or not a rigid vehicle was a safe vehicle. It was him who thought of the idea that passengers may be safer in a car that was designed to absorb the energy from a crash and keep this energy away from people in the safety cell.