Discrimination can be viewed from different theoretical frameworks: 1. The Social Identity Perspective (Tajfel & Turner, 1979): It holds that group members are motivated to protect their self‐esteem and achieve a positive and distinct social identity. This drive for a positive social identity can result in discrimination, which is expressed as either direct harm to outgroup, or more commonly and spontaneously, as giving preferential treatment to the ingroup, a phenomenon known as ingroup
Culture can help us build a community that involves people who have the same beliefs and agree on certain subjects. However, culture can also create discrimination and otherness. Sometimes, we “other” people just because we do not understand their culture or because their beliefs are different from ours. The act of “othering” can often lead to conflicts or misunderstandings. So we have to ask ourselves, is there a way for us to preserve and respect a culture without othering
Through the protagonist Stephen, Nowland suggests that when faced with the decision between upholding societal expectations or dissenting in order to preserve our identity, we select the latter to achieve inner peace. Where we live, how we live and who we live with, significantly affects how we perceive the world. Living under the influence of others can create a veil over our identity, and cause us to believe in something we truly are not. While under this veil, we either lose ourselves completely or see the veil concealing ourselves from who we are at core. As a growing boy, Stephen is especially prone to the influence of others.
Both Grendel in Grendel and The Captain in The Sympathizer are conflicted in their own ideas as society’s influence on their beliefs corrupts and alters their mentalities. They find themselves in situations in which they cannot choose between themselves and the world. Although both characters are fundamentally different from others in each respective story because of their unique dual natures, they cannot escape the clutching forces of assimilation to the expectations of the world and society. Grendel and The Captain are able to create their own foundations in their own beliefs, but they are challenged in life through the exposure to the world and its expectations. The major problem explored throughout Grendel and The Sympathizer revolves around how each of
Human beings repress their freedom of choice, the right to determine one’s own action, by accepting restrictions over their free wills. However, the act of making a choice is the most important thing for a human being. Human beings can give meaning to their life through self-determination, the ability to make one’s own decision without the influence from outside. Most people believe that they have a freedom of choice but, in fact, their freedom is restricted by a myriad of factors. One of these factors is the restriction of people’s nature of freedom by cruel authorities through the idea of colonialism.
This brings up the question of the needs of the many versus the needs of the few, or, more specifically in this episode, individual human rights. It is a citizen’s right as an individual to self determination and, therefore, to leave if they desire. However, this individual choice to leave could potentially destroy the whole society, destroying the lives of
By being forced to comply with the cultural norm of the country you are being denied of the opportunity to explore your own culture. Not being allowed such a vital part of your identity might lead to a lack of self-understanding. It is extremely important to be able to explore one’s culture, to know what you subscribe to and what you do not. That way you figure out whether you identify with the culture or not, thus creating your own sense of cultural identity. Identity development is highly important, and being stripped of it creates an abundant number of problems.
To get to know the different cultures and traditions that other people have. To get to know where people come from. However, it does have a weakness. People take freedom the wrong way. Going back to my topic of selfish acts, it makes us do things that are not good.
We all have a dark side to us, and it is a constant, internal struggle to choose between virtues or vices. If someone we love and trust pressures us towards a certain direction, then we are more prone to follow that person’s path instead of our own. Macbeth was capable of being an admirable and gracious man, but Lady Macbeth’s influence hinders his growth and molds his identity into one that goes against his
But, the major difference is what they reached for and how they reached for it. Macbeth and Malcolm X may share a similar mindset but they differ in ways of integrity, morality, and an ethical standpoint. First and foremost, these characteristics need to be defined to have clear understanding of how these two exhibit these through their behavior. Morality by definition is the, “a particular system of values and principles of conduct, especially one held by a specified person or society.” To simplify, it means what a person or a society believes in and the certain behaviors you believe to be right or wrong. Malcolm X, a man born into a time of extreme oppression based on the color of your skin, joined to Nation of Islam.