Analysis Of B F Skinner's Behavior Modification Model

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2.1 B.F SKINNER’S BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION MODEL (1953) B.F Skinner (1953) has done numerous work which are being used as basis of many researchers and studies carried out to this day. His well-known theory on behaviour modification model is used to shape desired behaviour. It consists of the restructuring of the environment so that undesired behaviour is eliminated. According to Khine, Lourdusamy, Quek and Angela (2005), Skinner’s behaviour modification uses the principal of reinforcement whereby reinforces are stimulus event which may be used to increase the likelihood of the desired behaviour being displayed. It is therefore believed that once should reinforce the desired behaviour rather than punish the inappropriate or wring behaviour.…show more content…
Assertive discipline model is a well-structured, methodical approach aimed to support teachers and educators in running a systematized classroom setting. Canter believes that teachers have the rights to determine what is best for their students, and to expect compliance. There should be no pupil prevents a teacher from teaching, or keep another student from learning. Students’ compliance is imperative in creating and maintaining an effective and efficient learning environment. To achieve this goal, teachers must react assertively, as opposed to aggressively or non-assertively (Dr.Mac.,…show more content…
Glasser believes that people who are behaving in inappropriate ways do not need help to find a defence for their behaviour to change. Instead, they need help to acknowledge their behaviour as being inappropriate and then to learn how to act in a more logical and productive manner. The four basic needs are (1) to belong and love. (2) to have sufficient power and control, (3) to be free, and (4) to have fun. Thus, when students’ needs are not fulfilled, students turn to be disruptive and misbehave in school. According to Glasser, reality therapy attempts to help students to control the misbehaviour more effectively so that they are better able to satisfy their needs. According to Dr. Thomas Gordon (1974) There are seven major skills that every teachers should adopt to create a conducive classroom and to manage students’ discipline. Learning their behaviour styles, and understanding their use, is highly important in mastering the use of this model in the classroom. The seven skills that are the core teaching are as follows: 1. Observing behaviour: Before reacting or acting, observe what the student is doing and ask yourself "why." 2. Identifying problem ownership: Is this the student 's problem or the teacher 's problem? 3. Demonstrating understanding: Let the student know teachers understand their problem(s). 4. Being understood: Let the student know what your requirements

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