Golden Ages are periods in a civilization where culture, art, literature, economic stability, and often scientific discovery and advancement thrive. The Golden Ages of Athens, Han China, and India were marked by cultural and economic dominance of those respective cultures. All three Civilizations were able to influence regions far away from their borders through trade, and aspects of their cultures inspired the culture of neighboring peoples. The standard of living amongst all three civilizations was also notably high. However, the development of technology played a more crucial role for the Golden Ages of Han China and India, while in Athens dominance was mostly achieved through political control and Athens becoming the most important voice
“The purpose of the Sacraments is to sanctify men, to build up the Body of Christ and finally to give worship to God. Because they are signs they also instruct.” St Augustine of Hippo showed the validity of the minister and how he communicates to the community. He linked validity to the action by and for the community, rather than the goodness or acceptability of the leader. His reason was: Sacraments are actions of Christ Himself in the Church, so that they have the authority and authenticity of Christ, not of the presider.” There were Councils which discussed deeply about Sacraments. The Councils made clear all issues concerning the celebration of the sacraments and they taught that some of the Sacraments cannot be repeated because they imprint the permanent mark on the soul.
In the Beginning, God expressed himself in positive terms because he was complete (Girgenti. 10). The Bible states, “…when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking such to worship Him.” ( John. 4:23). Concerning this, Jesus is searching for people who worship not out of obligation but with all freedom and love unto him.
The Babylonian Empire was one of the most powerful states in the entire ancient world. Its success lied within the government structure and agriculture. Babylonia was always a great center of culture and trade, where cultural diffusion occurred. Due to the prosperity of the empire, it attracted merchants and traders from afar to share their ideas and products. The Babylonian Empire’s government structure and the policies that the rulers put forth affected the culture, economy, and lifestyle of its people.
Carthage grows into a trading and commercial empire in parts of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Rome became concerned as Carthage influence near home was getting stronger, especially in the Western Mediterranean region and Spain. Carthage wealth gives an advantage over Rome as they build a powerful navy and they were able to afford a mercenary army. According to Mark (2011). “She had a powerful navy, a mercenary army and, through tribute, tariffs, and trade, enough wealth to do as she pleased.
The business potential of the Islamic world brought a sea change in the economic scenario of Europe. The establishment of long-distance trade with the Muslim world was a great opportunity for the Italian cities to acquire exotic materials and increase profit. The adventure seeking nature and entrepreneurial ability of the Muslims of the Medieval era led to enhanced commercial activities in the region. The trade in the Christian areas began to thrive owing to their active engagement with the Muslim trading world. Researchers argue that it was the Muslim world’s influence that led to the advancement of many cities in Christian Europe.
Not only did they possess trade vessels, they also possessed an unrivaled navy to protect their vast harbor and lucrative dealings. This opened up opportunities for the acquisition of new resources and territories through conquest (2011). Carthage’s prime location as well as the receipt of regular tribute from the African cities and tariffs on their trades allowed Carthage to quickly achieve status as an economic
Luke also highlights the behavior and deeds of certain characters as role models of Christianity. In addition, he emphasizes the innocence of Jesus and other characters against Roman accusations. The Acts are in fact, the narration of the fulfillment of God’s promises to the Israelites through the acts carried out by Jesus and his disciples. This biblical book covers the idea of universal salvation by accentuating that Christianity is a means of deliverance for all communities. On that same note, the author goes further by providing examples of God’s promises being fulfilled for non-Jewish people which began in Samaria and Syria.
Besides being separated by an ocean, the Romans and Aztecs were very much alike. Both were ruled by emperors worshipped as a god, both had highly trained and skilled armies that contributed to their land control, and both believed in polytheistic religions. On the other hand, there are significant differences between the two empires, like the type of government system, economy, and social structure each civilization