The author gives insight on how many ways the Spaniards used their power to assist in the downfall of the Aztecs. The reason why the Spaniards became victorious, was because the Spaniards were looked upon as if they were gods because of their outer appearance. The Aztecs broke bread and welcomed the Spaniards with gifts and parties. The Aztecs triggered their relationship with the Spaniards by holding a ritual for the arrival of the god which included a human sacrifice. The Spaniards didn’t agree with the rituals and began to despise the Aztecs.
“ It should be kept in mind that their insatiable greed and ambition, the greatest ever seen in the world, is the cause of their villainies.” (Las Casas) The people of Spain used murder and slavery as a means to depopulate the Islands due to their greed. According to Casas, the number of slain Indians is about 15 million in the fourty years that the Spaniards have intruded on the Natives land. Young men and rulers were killed, while women and young children were forced to be slaves to the Christians. At one point some Indians escaped a ship that was going to take them to Hispaniola to be sold as slaves, and the Spaniards sent a ship to voyage through the island for three years to hunt down those who fled. It is astonishing how cruel the Christians were solely for personal and materialistic
Slide 1- Introduction Good morning/afternoon everybody, today I have been assigned with informing you all about the Aztecs, or more importantly, the reason for their annihilation. Now you may be thinking that it was mainly to do with a war, but it is actually almost solely a disease called the variola disease or as it’s more commonly known, small-pox Slide 2-What were the symptoms and effects Now you may be wondering what made the disease so dangerous to the Aztecs. The main problem of the disease was the fact that not only did it kill 3/10 people effected it also severely lowered the victims fighting capabilities meaning that when the Spanish attempted to fight the Aztecs, it became much more favourable to the Aztecs. (Healthline, n.d.) The person became afflicted with a variety of symptoms that contributed to the previously mentioned tole to the victims fighting capabilities. One of the most notable symptoms was the rashes that would spread throughout the victims entire body which contained abscesses which made any movement of the victim incredibly painful, let alone wielding a weapon in combat.
The Trail of Tears left by the Cherokee Indians “Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.” -― Martin Luther King Jr The Trail of Tears helped the Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion lead to the Civil War in many ways. The Trail of Tears caused more tension to rise in the United States. Native Americans became angry and lost trust in the American governmentbecause the settlers forced and physically moved them out of their homes. The Trail of Tears helps the Manifest Destiny because it is mainly the idea that moving west will bring more comfort and new riches to the settlers. This is major expansion westward.
These diseases often traveled ahead of the Spanish.” This tells us that disease was also very involved in the conquering of the Aztecs. In Millers book we are provided with a point of view from inside during the siege of Tenochtitlan. The passage suggests an excruciating and wide spread epidemic of small pox with many people dying from it while the Spaniards lay siege. The passage describes people covered in pustules laying down and being in excruciating pain. The image above shows a native infected with small pox and this illustrates exactly what was described in the passage.
Outside of disease, there are a few more ways the Europeans impacted the peoples in the Americas. One way the Europeans impacted the native peoples was by killing them and pillaging their villages. Examples of this are referenced in the article when Charles Mann writes about how the settlers near Plymouth killed villagers and ransacked their homes shortly after they arrived in America. Hernando de Soto’s stealing and pillaging of villages represents another example. A third example referenced in the article includes the conquistador's conquest of Mesoamerican civilizations, in which whole cities were ransacked and armies of warriors were killed.
Other times, warriors and citizens from the Aztec Empire went willingly to get sacrificed, it was seen as a death even honorable than getting killed in war. The Aztecs made many other offerings such as food, rubber, feathers, jewels and animal blood but human blood was the most prized by the gods. At the peak of the Aztec Empire, more than one million people were worshipping Huitzilopochtli as the Mexica required the citizens of defeated city-states to worship their gods. Huitzilopochtli affected the worldview of the Mexica in terms of their knowledge. The ritual of sacrificing people for Huitzilopochtli gave the Aztecs knowledge about the human body and surgical skills.
Zumarraga’s and other activists actions, over time, pushed for the removal of such practice except for northern parts of Mexico, after all, the lands were not going to work itself to produce the wealth the Spaniards required. The newly acquired lands needed to produce profits sans high cost of production, resulted in the most logical alternative: free labor, and who better than the native Indians and in the later later years, Africans, who were eventually imported by the masses, to carry out these functions? The Spaniards undoubtedly enjoyed the authority they were granted providing their share of profits be made to the crown. They felt a sense of entitlement and invisibility, as they were men, part of a society of conquerors, and in some ways regarded themselves as “owners of the known world”. In Sor Juana Inez de la Cruz poem ‘Arraignment of Men” points out the duplicity regarding men’s innate need to control and condemn others for the same fallacies they themselves exhibit, “You men are such foolish breed, appraising with a faulty rule, the first you charge with being cruel, the second easy you decree”
1) The Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro belongs to murder and violence and does not belong to arts, and his expeditions prove that. 2) Francisco Pizarro who conquered the Inca was a violence supporter, and his aim was the wealth and power, as a result of that he was killed in a violence way by his people. That prove that every human being behind his favor. 3) Francisco Pizarro creates a new type of art, the art of invasion of the Inca Empire.
To get deeper into the subject, an example of how the environment created the differences is how the Inca and Aztec empires were overthrown by the 2 spanish explorers named CorteŽ and Pizarro and there crew of a couple hundred. The two empires had many people