The largest temple was on a huge hill and was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli and the rain god Tlaloc. The Aztecs believed that sacrifices were needed to help the sun make its trip. They offered human hearts, the most prized offering, to Huitzilopochtli to give him enough energy to fight the forces of night and keep the world functioning. They captured warriors they defeated in war and gave their hearts to the sun god. Other times, warriors and citizens from the Aztec Empire went willingly to get sacrificed, it was seen as a death even honorable than getting killed in war.
3.0: Aztecs believed that the way of keeping the sun strong for his battles against darkness was to offer him nourishment in the form of blood. Therefore, sacrifice was very important to their beliefs. They distinguished between two types of sacrifice: those involving humans and those involving animals or other
Aztec Sacrifice The Aztecs are well known for their religious practice of human sacrifice. Generally speaking, Aztec sacrifices were performed to appease the gods of the Aztec religion. Human sacrifice, in Aztec culture, was seen as some kind of repayment to the gods for their own sacrifices. It was also believed that the sacrifices were necessary for the flourishment of Aztec society. For instance, sacrifices for the sun god, Tezcatlipoca, were executed to ensure Tezcatlipoca was well-nourished and had the strength to raise the sun each morning.
Constructors of the temple not only made a practical choice that the ceremonial behavior could be illustrated through architectural choices on a general picture of the whole temple, but also used a detailed art piece at the temple to clarify a particular story of human sacrifice to god. On the bottom of the Huizilopotchli’s side of the temple lies a volcanic stone monolith named the Coyolxauhqui Stone that demonstrates the story how the death of Huizilopotchli’s sister, Coyolxauhqui offered peace the god himself. The scalloping shaped details at the joint of her neck, shoulders and hips, along with the bones and skull that filled up the whole composition showed that she has been decapitated to death. The artists used high-relief carving to portray the dismantled body of
“They jumped into the sacrificial fire and became the sun and the moon.” (AD1, p.3) Because the gods like Nanahuatzin and Tecuciztecatl volunteered themselves for the Sun and to keep it alive and healthy, future Aztecs felt obliged to further maintain the Sun through various sacred rituals. To meet the Sun’s needs and to repay the Gods for their sacrifice, it compelled the Aztecs to continue sacrifices and bloodletting. While this was the main reason for human sacrifice and bloodletting, Aztec cosmetology also involved these same practices. The Aztecs described cosmic life as unstable and destructive - which also compelled them to practice bloodletting and human sacrifice. They were worried that the universe could become unstable and bring destruction to their world.
Fear was a major factor in the increasing power of these empires. Both empires used fear as a way to gain more land, increasing their empire. The Aztecs were feared for their strong warriors and human sacrifices to their gods. The military power of the Aztecs helped them in conquering the surrounding tribes. While this empire was growing, they contracted an alliance with the Tepanec tribe.
The author gives insight on how many ways the Spaniards used their power to assist in the downfall of the Aztecs. The reason why the Spaniards became victorious, was because the Spaniards were looked upon as if they were gods because of their outer appearance. The Aztecs broke bread and welcomed the Spaniards with gifts and parties. The Aztecs triggered their relationship with the Spaniards by holding a ritual for the arrival of the god which included a human sacrifice. The Spaniards didn’t agree with the rituals and began to despise the Aztecs.
The stone also had four boxed figures which represented the four previous suns. The Aztec believed that the universe was maintained by supplying blood to the gods. When Cortez landed in Mexico the Aztec ruler believed him to be Quetzalcoatl. This would have allowed him to have or gain anything he wanted from the Aztec’s. If people believed he was a god, then he could do anything he wanted to do.
Human sacrifice was very significant, grateful, and familiar. This had been experienced all throughout the Mesoamerican world, but the Aztecs practiced it at a range never seen before or since. There were diverse types and ways the Aztecs sacrificed people. A few were very violent and terrible, scary while others were, compared to the difficult ones, nothing. One case of an immorality and violent sacrifice was done to honor the god “Huehueteotl”.
Mutilation has always been practiced by humans throughout history for purposes such as ritual, folk medicine, aesthetics, or corporal punishment and has always been a big part of human culture. Mutilation relates to The Lottery are the use of tradition as an excuse to commit it, usually, it is done to satisfy the mind of a thought not being a necessity to live, and is a big part of human history. People often give the reason of it is tradition to continue gruesome mutilations. A very great example is bullfighting which is a spectacle in which men ceremonially fight with and in the Hispanic tradition kill bulls in an arena for public entertainment,” However, people who enjoy this spectacle say it is a complex ritual vital to Spanish culture, even though it is heinous and gruesome mutilation of a
The Aztecs had a very interesting religion. One reason I thought that their religion was interesting was because they have a specific “god” for each element in nature. For example, they had a god for the sun but a different god for water. Each element of nature had its own separate god. The Aztecs also gave sacrifices to their gods.
Everyone knows what the Alamo is and most know the story of it, how the Texans, led by William Travis, James Bowie, and Davie Crocket, had to try and fend off the Mexican soldiers led by Santa Anna. Being outnumbered all the Texans rebels had to fight for was for the pride of Texas and that is what they did and from that some famous myths about certain things were created during the fight like Travis’s line in the sand or Davie Crockets willingness to fight to the death. Randy Roberts and James S. Olson are able to relate the well-known story of the Alamo to the readers and really get into both the Mexican and American perspectives. In “A Line in the Sand the Alamo in Blood and Memory”, Roberts and Olson are able to separate what really happened