B. F. Skinner's Theory Of Operant Conditioning

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B.F. SKINNER
Operant conditioning is discovered by B.F Skinner. His theory of operant conditioning uses both positive and negative reinforcement. He used a box called skinners box to shape a rat’s behavior to press a bar in order to get food.
E.L THORNDIKE
Thorndike concluded that animals learn exclusively by an error and test or reward and punishment. According to the law of effect, all learnings involves the formation of connection and these connections are strengthened by punishing and rewarding (Gayla. S.
Keesee)
THE PROCESS OF OPERANT CONDITIONING
Operant conditioning involves learning through reinforcement and punishment. It is discovered that every person's action has an effect and if that effect a good effect that person is
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The law of effect stands that connection between a stimulus and response will be strengthen if it is rewarded positively and it will weakened if it is rewarded negatively.
However Thorndike revised this ‘law’ when he found that the bonds doesn’t necessarily weakened by punishment and some of the pleasurable effects doesn’t necessarily motivate the performance. Thorndike also found that performance will be enhance if feedback are given with practice. Also education should be prepared for life beyond school. Skills should be introduced when the learner is aware of their need and purpose of the skills. It is a must for teacher to decide what they exactly want to teach so that they can present the appropriate material (what are the responses and when to reinforce for usefully shaped behavior) the three principles which
Thorndike suggested for teacher to promote effective learning are:
1 – Presenting information which can be learn is small behaviorally outlined steps
2 – Giving feedback according to the accuracy of students learning
3 – Allowing students to learn at their own relative of progress or change
(Gayla. S.

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