Classroom discipline model developed by Lee Canter in 1987 (Newman, 2013). The main focus was to allow teachers to teach children in an environment where they "have a right to learn and a right to have a classroom free from behavior disruption to their learning" (Tuckman & Monetti, 2011, p.464). Canter also puts a lot of emphasis on positive reinforcement. Canter states: Example 2: Recognizing positive behavior. "Thank you, Sally for sitting in your chair in the correct way and keeping your hands to yourself" By doing this, Sally will understand that I like the behavior she is exhibiting.
Skinner mastered. Some think that using Operant conditioning with positive and negative punishment and negative reinforcement works better than positive reinforcement. The positive reinforcement has consequences and comes with a rewarding outlook. This is a consequence that causes a behavior to increase. It would work out better if the adult explains to the child what was done and how to fix it than to punish with negative reinforcement.
Raising children is not an easy task because it requires love, patience, and the strength to discipline them for their wrongdoing. Discipline is the child's understanding of the rules and regulations in which they follow to learn good moral principles. In today's world, children lack discipline because the parent or parents failed to establish discipline within their own households. As a result, children fall short in their academic work which prohibits them from becoming successful. To discipline our children, we must look at Developmental Psychologist Jean Piaget and John Bowlby to educate ourselves in the psychology of children behaviour in the disciplinary setting.
Operant conditioning involves responses to the environment which are voluntary, and that if positively reinforced, they will be repeated. There are two kinds of reinforcers- primary and secondary. Primary reinforcers are those which are fundamental to life, such as food, warmth, water, affection. Secondary reinforcers depend on learning and may be different between people, but they expand on one’s biological needs. Examples include money, praise, attention and getting good grades (Weiten, 2014).
Operant Conditioning Skinner is regarded as the father of operant conditioning, but his work was based on Thorndike’s law of effect. Skinner introduced a new term into the Law of Effect - Reinforcement. Behavior which is reinforced tends to be repeated (i.e. strengthened); behavior which is not reinforced tends to die out-or be extinguished (i.e. weakened).
Basically, operant conditioning is a simple feedback system: If a reward or reinforcement follows the response to a stimulus, then the response becomes more probable in the future. For example, leading behaviourist B.F. Skinner used reinforcement techniques to teach pigeons to dance and bowl a ball in a mini-alley. This theory is relatively simple to understand because it relies only on observable behaviour and describes several universal laws of behaviour. Its positive and negative reinforcement techniques can be very effective– such as in treatments for human disorders including autism, anxiety disorders and antisocial behaviour. Behaviourism is often used by teachers who reward or punish student behaviours.
Operant Conditioning uses reinforcement and punishment systematically to facilitate learning (Darity, Jr ., 2008). In operant conditioning, some researchers think that behavior can changed by using positive or negative reinforcements. Positive reinforcements is rewarding someone for good behavior. For example, giving a dog a treat for rolling over. Negative reinforcements is taking something from someone for bad behavior.
Categories of teacher misbehavior described from poor time management to being inaccessible to students outside of class. Poor time management includes tardiness for class, early dismissal, not showing up for class, cancelling class without notification, and keeping the class overtime. These misbehaviors address the issue of teacher’s punctuality and absenteeism. Teachers in this category are represented as insensitive to the time demands placed on students. The following three categories, unprepared/disorganized, unprofessional teaching and straying from the subject emphasize teacher professional incompetence.
The environment we are exposed to causes us to adapt therefore conditioning our behavior. The principle can be related towards the situation of a parent towards his/her children’s grades thus reinforcing them positively or negatively. To conclude, all learning occurs through the various interactions, endeavors, with the environment around
Parents need to teach their child about discipline because when a child knows what a discipline is they are most probably can take care of themselves. For an example, if a child doesn 't have manners he or she would be rude to other people. Parents also need to stop being so materialistic because when parents become materialistic they are too busy working and will neglect about their beloved child. As an example, a child