IWM explains infants here believe themselves as worthy of being loved and competent. Infants can stop crying soon due to high reliance towards to caregivers. Infants will be easy-going, popular and competent while in childhood. Also, infants believe that life and caring should be pleasant. Thus, the relationship can be developed stably and they will become open and caring towards others during adulthood.
Children, who belong to parents with low-income and living in poverty as well as those who are homeless, are less likely to encourage their children to acquire higher education or achievements. These parents who are burdened with the stress of making ends meet for their families tend to suffer emotionally. This affects their relationship with their children which results in poor or lower psychological well-being. Also, these children tend to suffer from neglect and health complications due to improper sanitary living conditions. Also, negative gang influence may end up leading to the untimely death of children or becoming recalcitrant to both laws and authorities in the society.
In other words, self-motivated kids are benefited by a strict upbringing. Furthermore, independence is an important source of confidence. Confidence is crucial to a successful future. For example, Living The Bump expresses, “strict parents push their children to be better, so they develop confidence in themselves and their abilities” (Zagata). Setting limits and directing raucous kids improves their confidence and overall success.
Confident parents are the ones that believe in themselves and their ability to be good parents, and therefore have been able to pass this on to their children. Many different factors can affect a child’s life and the way a child perceives them self. Well loved children that were raised in stable home seem to have a better set of social skills and appear to be happier children. While at the same time children in neglectful situations, children of broken homes, and most definitely children that have been involved in any form of abuse situations feel the negativity and respond accordingly. There is an abundance of ways to boost a child’s self esteem, and quiet a few ways to stay closely involved in your child’s life as they get older.
Parenting styles have a profound effect on their child’s behavior (Yahav, 2006). According to Diana Baumrind, parenting styles is related to the ability of adolescents to achieve independence and self-regulation as cited in the works of Bednar & Fisher. Understanding the different parenting styles and their impact on the parent-teen relationship may help parents and their teens—navigate adolescence more smoothly (Kopko, 2007) Baumrind determined the four parenting styles which are: 1. The authoritative style is considered the “ideal” parenting style and seems to produce children with high levels of self-reliance and self-esteem, who are socially responsible, independent and achievement-oriented. 2.
Parenting effects the way in which a child reacts socially and emotionally when meeting new people and making friendships. Parents, who introduce their children to other children of the same and similar ages early in their lives, tend to have children who are good socialisers and mingle well with others. If a child forms a friendship with another child before they start playschool, they become more comfortable in this environment, recognising familiar faces. Children enjoy spending time with others of a similar age and thrive on being able to have the same capabilities and abilities of these friends and peers. [Parke and Locke, 2002] Friends and peers also have a big influence on children.
“High-quality environments are characterized as having positive communicative and affective interactions between the caregiver and child, noncorporal disciplinary methods, stimulating and developmentally appropriate physical organization of the space, and age-appropriate toys and structure of the child’s time”(Lin 714). Some of these positive communications and affective interactions may include: supportive language, positive re-encouragement, and an initiative to spend time with your child. If all of these things are in place it enables a more positive and close relationship between a child and their parent. A very important aspect of a home environment and of all parental relationships, is communication. There have been a plethora of studies done on the effects of communication within familial relationships, however, in a study done Menashe proposed, “That restrictive parental communication within the parent–child relationship could affect the child’s ability to share troubled or conflicting emotion, but a more open communication style would allow the child to share his or her emotions and to learn about feelings”(Menashe 518).
This result comes from how parents communicate with their children and the interactions between them. We know that parents have a major impact on their children’s lives, and this research is conducted to find out how much and what directly impacts
Parents that practice permissive parenting style are tolerant, use as little punishment as possible, have few requirements for mature behavior and grant considerable self-regulation by their children (Dornbusch, Ritter, Leiderman, Roberts and Fraleigh, 1987). As parents, they should give encouragement to their children but implying narcissism trait such as they are special and they will get what they want will give negative impact to them. Besides, parents also taught their children that having self-esteem is important to succeed in life. Having high self-esteem can be related to many positive things like good results or better relationship with people around but Baumeister, Campbell, Kreuger and Vohs (2003) study find out that high self- esteem does not cause a better performance in academic and people with high self- esteem have higher tendency in prejudice and discrimination. When children start to believe that they need to have high self- esteem to overcome others or succeed in their life, they will go all the way to becoming a self-centered person.
Insecure attachment affects a child’s brain development which in turn impacts interactions with others, resilience, confidence and the ability to explore their environments. Insecure attachment contributes to “cognitive vulnerability to depression, specifically, dysfunctional attitudes.” (Lee & Hankin, 2009). Some characteristics of an insecurely attached child includes the inability to deal with stress, low self esteem, a lack of self control, and pseudo-independent behaviors. These children often behave as if they know that adults are inconsistently available. They do not seek an adult for help when in distress or dealing with a situation, or they avoid the caregiver