Jackfruit Essay

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1.1 Background of study
Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophylus) belongs to a species of tree in the Artocarpus genus of mulberry family (Moraceae). It is indigenous of parts of South-east and South Asia and is believed to have originated in the Southwestern rainforest of India (Boning, 2006). According to Elevitch et al., (2006), Jackfruit is known to be the largest of all cultivated fruits, it is typically 30 to 40 cm in length, and sometimes can reach 90 cm. Jackfruits can weigh between 4.5 to 30 kg (commonly 9 to 18 kg), with 50kg as the maximum reported weight. The trunk borne the heavy fruits, which are on the interior parts of main branches. Jackfruit is considered to be a multiple aggregate fruit because it is formed by the fusion of multiple flowers in an inflorescence. The exterior rind is a green to yellow-green pigment. The outer hard covering is derived from the enlarged female flowers. Many seeds (as many as 500 per fruit) are enclosed in the whitish fibrous pulp.
Each seed of Jackfruit is surrounded by acid to sweetish (when ripe) banana-flavored flesh (aril). The heavy fruit is held together by a central
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Jackfruit is popular food item in tropical regions of India, Indonesia, Cambodia , Nepal, Sri Lanka, , Vietnam, Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines. The Tree is also widely cultivated across Africa (e.g., in Nigeria, Cameroon, Uganda, Tanzania, Madagascar, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Mauritius), as well as in western central and in some part of Caribbean nations like Jamaica. Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh (Charles, 2006). About 55,662 Jackfruit saplings were destroyed in the Tijuca Forest area in a deliberate culling effort by the park 's management between 2002 and

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