Bakhtin's Theory Of Language

729 Words3 Pages
Moving on to Bakhtin, in one of his opening sentences, he says that the language is intimately connected to all aspects of human activity. He argues against concepts of language that seek to separate thought and communication, and that language is a product of individual expression. It seems like that his theory of language uses and focuses its attentions of the forms and the usage of language, namely, utterance and speech genres. Here, utterance is defined as the real unit of speech communication, further defined in two ways: According to Bakhtin, utterance is bound within a single response in a dialogue. He wrote that the beginning of an utterance, is preceded by the utterance of others, and that it is always followed by the responsive utterance…show more content…
In this context, we can talk about words and the neutral meaning that the words possess. This means that the word’s meaning within an utterance is depended upon the word’s responsiveness and connectedness in terms of meaning to others. The utterance invests the word within the expression of the whole. Bakhtin argues that words only acquire their specific meanings and connotations as a part of an utterance, and that these meanings are independent of their making, taken individually and abstractly. In the process of constructing an utterance, by any means we do not take them for the system of and mainly from utterances that are kindred to ours in terms of context, topic, meaning, etc. or shortly said, our style. Genres then, often offer a social structure for meaning, or as Bakhtin quoted, genres provide the contrast between the meanings of words and the actual reality under certain typical circumstances. Lastly, Bakhtin notes the tension between the collaborative and individual nature of words. He argues that there are words of a specific language that belong to nobody, however, we still hear and experience those words only in particular individual contexts, or utterances, as the use of words in live speech and in communication is always an act of individuality and
Open Document