We have designed and developed an ICU clinical decision support system (CDSS) to improve outcomes in critically ill patients by providing real-time decision support, decreasing medical errors, and minimizing life-threatening events caused by delayed or uninformed medical decisions. CDSSs are computer-aided ``active knowledge systems which use two or more items of patient data to generate case-specific advice'' and it can improve a physician's decision making performance for providing an evidence strongly . For optimal medical decision making, the CDSS needs to be data-driven, rapid, and
Electronic medical records have great promises to the American healthcare system based on increased efficiency, improved quality, reduced costs, lower readmission rates, and fewer illnesses among others. However, these systems collect and store personal information of patients as well as their medical histories over long periods. The information is sensitive and equally useful for many people and organizations including insurance companies, financial companies, fraudsters, identity thieves, and criminal thieves among others. Unauthorized access of the personal information or medical histories to these parties poses great risks to the health, life, and welfare of patients. Therefore, health organizations and practitioners should guarantee the privacy, confidentiality, and security of personal health information through compliance with HIPAA as well as installation of cyber security measures to deter unauthorized access, modification, damage, or distribution of patients
Clinical research is from acute to chronic care experience throughout life span. It involves health promotion and preventive care for individual, families and communities in different settings. It is important for nursing research to widen the scope in order to have a greater impact in future. The aspect of health promotion and preventive care are very important because some diseases are better prevented than treated and while some changes are irreversible such as aging are part of human experience. Health systems and outcomes research focuses on how health care delivery influences quality, cost and experience of patient.
Health literacy reflects what health systems do, or do not do, to make health information understandable and services usable. The causes of limited health literacy as a systems problem relate to the fact that health professionals, the media, public and private organizations, as well as governments often present health information in ways that are difficult to understand to people. Additionally, publicly available health information is often incomplete or inaccurate. Those systems problems result in a gap of understanding between the health information that health systems convey and what people understand (Zarcadoolas et al., 2006). For example, health professionals communicate with patients using medical jargon, thus leaving room for misunderstanding and misinterpretation.
It allows the evaluation of an association from an unbiased standpoint through a comprehensive conversation of the organization’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Steps to Follow for SWOT Analysis in Healthcare SWOT analysis was in the beginning premeditated to make available a systematic analysis of businesses in other industries, but its many benefits have encouraged its use in healthcare organizations as well. The first step of SWOT analysis in healthcare involves the collection and estimation of key data, which capacity consist of the community’s health status, present status of medical technology, or the sources of healthcare financial support. Once the suitable data has been cool, calm and collected and finally analyzed, the capabilities of the organization are evaluated. In the second step of SWOT analysis in healthcare, the data collected is organized into four categories, which are: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT).
Compliance with Health Information Management Laws and Regulations Introduction Privacy and confidentiality are the fundamental aspects of health information management. The most important thing in health information management is the assurance to patients that the information they share with health professionals shall be maintained with confidentiality ("HIM Functions in Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety", 2018). The absence of such assurances increases the likelihood of patients withholding critical information. Withholding of information in health management may lead to detrimental effects which include adverse effects on the quality, safety as well as the outcome of care. Due to the high level of risk associated with health information,
In today’s society we evolve in a highly scientific and technical world, while the importance of proper health care and the ability to cure has become remarkable. Within practices today, the perspective of the patient on his or her treatment should be of utter importance. Hereby stressing the need for patient compliance, compliance being adherence to a treatment regimen or any recommendation from a physician or health care provider. Noncompliance is associated with an increase of medical risk and possibly mortality depending on how serious the illness is. Without patient compliance therapeutic goals are not met and the benefits are not obtained, certain factors have been addressed to why compliance differs in patients, however not enough research
This separation of ambulatory from inpatient care creates complexities as providers try to support patient comfort and recognize the need for some similar support structures that are costly to duplicate in multiple locations. Given changes in healthcare policy, diseases affecting the population, and economic factors, the ambulatory care centers of the future will be reflections of all the issues as a physical response. (Barker, Pocock, Hobbs, & Inc., 2015).” With the help of the Affordable Care Act, the goal of delivering and sustaining quality health care through the use of ambulatory services will help improve the current state of the American health care system by providing provider incentives and enable patients to make better lifestyle choices for
A patient’s bill of rights is a list which contains some guarantees for people that are receiving medical care. The bill was presented by the American Hospital Association with the aim that it will contribute to more effective care. Patient’s bill of right among other things ensures patients information, fair treatment and autonomy over any other decision by health care providers. The uses of bill of rights in clients care cannot be overemphasized. Firstly, it assures sense of fairness in health care system because one major goal is to meet patients’ needs.
Ward round is the key for proper inpatient management, to facilitate speedy discharge, avoid any harm to the patient during health care delivery and to improve team communication among the health care delivery staff4. Preparation for ward round: The steps involved in preparation of ward round are bed allocation and pre round, preparing and briefing the patient about the ward
By creating this comprehensive list of the medication plan given to the patient, the hospital pharmacist can then send this information to the community pharmacist and make sure that the information is held up to date. This would allow for a smoother transition for the patient and it would allow the patient to be more informed of their medications. The pharmacist is “poised to play an important role in improving medication management during transitions of care and reducing readmission rates” so the pharmacist should play a more active role to help ensure the best therapy for the patient (7). The pharmacist should ultimately design an ideal system for Medication Reconciliation to help reduce medication errors and better inform patients on ADEs to prevent any unnecessary medical
Reasons that can contribute to an inaccurate vital reading are overall sign reading. And some of the reasons to that is not understanding the right way to take vital sign or how to follow the right procedure. Being a Medical Assistant means having a lot in our plate, an can mean that we might have a lot of errors. Most common errors that are introduced by a medical assistant are vital signs. Either the MA was not well trained on taking blood pressure or has trouble understanding it.
This is where one type of plan will explain what is to be expected for users. Explaining the benefits is practically as important as the application itself: for determining the value of the health care may be "service dependent" ("Medicaid", 2015). Another important term that should be well known is clean claims. Clean claims identify the health professional, health facility, home health care provider or durable medical equipment provider that has given service to verify affiliation status. In short, it identifies a lot of the medical information to make it more transparent.
The achievement of the Millennium Development Goals set out by the United Nations is a worldwide ambition and one which calls the nurse workforce to action. These goals and indeed many other health related goals are only achievable if we have well informed health policies and well managed and led action plans. The reality is that the habits of practice rather than those informed by best evidence still persistently get in the way of achieving our goals. Poorly informed decision making is one of the main reasons services can fail to be delivered in an optimal way and can also contribute to variations in practice which make services less efficient, ineffective and inequitable. For different reasons we are all required to spend our budgets wisely
These questions on the topic of how often Lovenox injections are required to be therapeutic versus how often heparin needs to be injected and the resulting patient satisfaction during the hospital stay. With the emphasis on patient satisfaction and the government guidelines for preventable hospital acquired problems, finding a solution to DVT prevention is important for nursing. One study by Arnold et al. (2010) directly compared the two drugs in question for this project and provided credible information to the development of an evidenced-based answer to the problem (Arnold et al., 2010). A second systematic review by Akl et al.