Perfusion : Perfusion is the process of a body delivering blood to a capillary bed in itsbiological tissue. The word is derived from the French verb "perfuser" meaning to "pour over or through". Tests verifying that adequate perfusion exists are a part of a patient's assessment process that are performed by medical or emergency personnel. The most common methods include evaluating a body's skin color, temperature, condition and capillary refill. Perfusionists employ artificial blood pumps to propel open-heart surgery patients' blood through their body tissue, replacing the function of the heart while the cardiac surgeon operates.
The role of interventional radiology has played a significant part in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. There have been many advances with instrumentation, and equipment, promoting excellent care to patients in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Ultrasound has been an exceptional tool in assisting physicians with selection of coronary balloons, and stents for percutaneous coronary interventions. As a critical piece of data collection, ultrasound measurements have emerged as a frontrunner in evaluating vessel diameter and intra-lumen irregularities. This measurement and visualization has become paramount in the cardiac arena, when choosing proper sizing for stent selection.
A crash cart is the trolley that contains different equipment and drugs that are used in lifesaving in different departments of hospital like in emergency room, intensive care unit and other critical areas. It is moveable and readily accessible within hospital. Equipments and drugs within it can be changed very quickly from situation to situations. It is a collection of emergency drugs and equipments that can be moved from one place to another and have readily available for resuscitative effort. It contains medications as well as the compulsory equipment for defibrillation, intubation, intravenous medication, and passage of central lines.
CO poisoning can cause serious implications such as organ failure, heart damage, and brain damage. Death may occur in cases when your body begins to replace the oxygen in your blood with CO. Treatments will help prevent life-threatening complications. Oxygen Treatment – This treatment helps increase the oxygen levels in the blood and remove the CO from the person’s blood. An oxygen mask is paced over the patient’s nose and mouth then be asked to inhale.
Scope of Practice: Overall, Dr. Jaen’s main responsibility is to administer anesthesia to patients before surgery. Surgery includes a wide variety of procedures. Anesthesiologists even administer anesthesia to young children and neonatal patients prior to diagnostic tests such as MRIs. For intensive care patients, anesthesiologists are often responsible for ventilator and airway control. In addition, anesthesiologists have the authority to prescribe drugs to patients.
The index finger can pass though the transverse sinus, which helps surgeons to identify the blood vessels of the heart during coronary artery bypass surgery. Oblique sinus is formed by reflection of the pericardial membranes onto the pulmonary veins. It is bounded by the inferior vena cava and by the right pulmonary veins on one side and the left pulmonary veins on the other. Functions of the Pericardium The pericardium is known to have some specific functions: • Tethering: pericardium holds the heart in place within the cardiac
Abstract Electrocardiogram (ECG) signal has been widely used for heart diagnosis. This paper presents a VLSI based design of high speed and area efficient distributive arithmetic discrete wavelet transform (DA-DWT) for Arrhythmia Detection and its FPGA implementation. The main focus of the work is to filter and detect the QRS complex in the ECG signal and to identify the time and frequency variations. By comparing these variations with that of the variations in the normal ECG waveform one may reach to a conclusion if the patient is suffering from Arrhythmia or not. The DA-DWT is also used to filter the ECG signal so as to detect the ECG signal for Arrhythmia Detection.
Angiography is the most commonly used technique to visualize the blood vessels with particular interest in the arteries, veins, and the heart chambers. This is traditionally done by injecting a radio-opaque contrast agent into the blood vessel and imaging using X-ray based techniques such as fluoroscopy. The image of the blood vessel thus obtained is called an angiogram or angiograph. Depending on the type of angiogram, access to the blood vessels is gained most commonly through the femoral artery to look at the left side of the heart and at the arterial system or through the jugular or femoral vein, to look at the right side of the heart and at the venous system. Using a system of guide wires and catheters, a type of contrast agent is added
Pulmonary Artery Pressure Monitoring This monitors the pressures in the right side of the heart and indirectly measures the left side of the heart. This is the most invasive catheter used in critical care, and routine use of the pulmonary artery (PA) catheter is controversial; it can assess many hemodynamic parameters such as PA systolic and diastolic, pulmonary MAP, pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP), and cardiac output. Cardiac output is used to calculate other parameters such as cardiac index, systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). PAWP is also known as pulmonary artery occlusive pressure or pulmonary capillary wedge pressure. The traditional PA catheter is known as a Swan-Ganz catheter after its inventors, and the thermodilution catheter after the principle behind its operation.
During the test, you 'll be asked to blow into a large tube connected to a spirometer machine that measures how much air your lungs can hold and how quickly you can blow that air from your lungs. Spirometer test can detect COPD before you even experience any symptoms. Doctors may also use chest X-rays or other tests to help diagnose
Understanding respiratory volumes, capacities, and measurements will help me perform my job as a medical assistant because they are significant being a medical assistant. First of all, when the patient is on the bed, I will measure the respiratory rate while he/she is at relaxation. In the next, I will observe the rise and fall of the victim 's chest and count the number of respirations for one full minute. Then, I will record the current time, respiratory rate and respiratory characteristics. Spirometry is used diagnose conditions that affect breathing such as asthma, pulmonary fibrosis, and cystic fibrosis.