Through the narrative of his own personal life, Balram presents India’s class-conflicts. He introduces the conflict in such a way:
“In the old days there were on thousand castes and destinies in India. These days, there are just two castes: men with Big bellies and Men with Small Bellies. And only two destinies: eat — or get eaten up” (p .38).
It can be appreciated the way that Balram differentiates the rich people and the poor, making reference to their bellies. In other words, the wealthy not only can have enough to eat, but also they can overate. While the working people have the opportunity to feed them once a day at least. Besides, the narrator points out that the bourgeoisie feeds on the labouring class.
Moreover, this novel is a Marxist critique of the caste system that is embedded in modern India. The system of caste provokes social clashes in Indian society. In it prevails the ideologies that governs people throughout their entire lives. This Hindu system divides the families in strong castes and weak ones. If a person is born into one of them, depending of his caste’s status, it will determine his future occupation. As in Balram’s case, who was born into the Halwai caste, meaning ‘sweet-maker’. However, his father was a rickshaw puller and the same destiny was awaited him. But, Balram decides to be in control of his own destiny and to become a man with a “big belly”. In Adiga’s words, it is this system which prevents India from genuine progress.
As the Kenyan