Research has found adolescent boys and adult men with high testosterone levels to be prone to delinquency, hard drug use and aggressive responses to provocation (Archer,1991;Dabbs &Morris, 1990; Olweus et al., 1988). Another study found that after handling a gun, both males and females testosterone levels rise and the more they rise the more aggression they will impose on another (Klinesmith et al.,2006) Studies based on hormones have not provided strong enough evidence that testosterone cause aggressive behavioural
Barbara Kingsolver is about how the society creates violence by exposing children to threatening events were the good guy will always win. In most movies, children watch a villain and a superhero who are fighting until one kills the other one with a weapon. She is explaining we could change the aspects that children have about protecting themselves by watching how they interact with others. If they act in the way of threatening, we would need to see why the child feels he/she feels unprotected whether it's from the parents or how society treats the kid has an outsider. Kingsolver point of writing the article about Columbine is to open our eyes to see how we treat others in different ways because someone may dress, act, look, etc differently than the rest of the community.
Little guests easily speak about the violence. While lines like “I could beat you up, a seven says to a six” (Olds, l. 12-13) are an example of a common dialogue for this age group, following words of the host fuel concerns. “We could easily kill a two-year-old” (Olds l. 22), it is strange to hear words about the infanticide from a first-grader and understand the boy believe this action is easy. The word “beat” would be less violent, but the author used “kill”. This contrast between thoughts and appearance of the character is highlighted by metaphors used to describe the boy.
Furthermore, genetic traits such as appearance, intellectual ability, sex and race also contribute to homophilous relationships (Smith & Christakis, 2008). That is to say, that even in childhood we tend to gravitate toward those who are similar to us which immediately limits the scope of social network available to us. People who grow up in high risk areas for drug abuse, for instance, socialise with the other children in the area. The older they get the less likely they would be to extend their social circle, limiting themselves to becoming surrounded by the high risk lifestyle primarily adopted in the area. The stronger the ties to high risk behaviours get the higher the chance of a person partaking in said behaviour.
148). Miller believed dysfunctional family units and the acceptance of drinking and fighting are strong qualities in the lower-class arena. However, Cernovich’s disagreed with Miller, and his research showed that all classes who participate in risky behavior and thrive on excitement are more likely to self-report delinquent behavior (Alder, Laufer, & Mueller, 2013, p. 149). It is argued that as times change, middle-class individuals prefer to reach their goals through illegitimate means instead of through the conventional means of hard work (Alder, Laufer, & Mueller, 2013, p 161). It seems boredom, thrill seeking, mental illness, and unstable and dysfunctional home life also accounts for middle-class gang
Marineau” in 2006. The case began in May 2004, a student of Williamstown Middle School named Zachary Guiles wore a shirt that talks down on President George Bush. You can see the shirt he wore to the right. The school suspended Zachary for wearing the shirt. Once he was allowed back in school, the school told him that he could wear the shirt if he wished but he would have to tape over certain pictures in including a martini glass, lines of cocaine, straws, and razor blades.
According to Deborah Yurgelun-Todd a recognized leader in studying how brain activity correlates with behavior, “...the brain is responding differently to the outside world in teenagers compared to adults. And in particular, with emotional information, the teenager's brain may be responding with more of a gut reaction than an executive or more thinking kind of response.” (Deborah Yurgelun-Todd). If the brain is acting on gut reaction and not thinking of consequences, impulsive actions are guaranteed to occur. Romeo and Juliet will outweigh the reward of being together over the risk of death. When combining these two mindsets of reward over risk, and responding with gut behaviors, consequences are bound to
Stereotypes dealing with gender like the one promoted by David Brooks and studied by other authors are created through the influence popular media has on society in order to manipulate people to think a certain way and create conflict. David Brooks’ assertion that women are better students than men is not only incorrect , but also exceedingly dangerous. Of course, any statement that attaches an offensive stereotype to half of the human population and is reinforced by the pervasive influence of the popular media can 't be a good thing. To back this claim, the author provides evidence such as, "[Girls] are less likely to be diagnosed with a learning disability" or "Kindergarten teachers rebport that girls are more attentive than boys and are more persistent at tasks". To be less likely to have a genetic disorder doesn 't turn you into a better student, nor does your personal
An example of this would be if a parent were racist then the child will more than likely grow up with a biased opinion of a certain group or culture. The second part of Sutherlands theory is learning a definition of crime. The child in this situation could argue it’s not discriminatory if it is deemed acceptable by everyone else. Lastly Sutherlands theory hits on objective opportunity. If a child sees a parent yell at someone because of their skin then the child in a social setting may find it ok and may proceed to treat an individual the same if like the parent, there were no repercussions.
In the case of male sex offenders, society treats them as guilty until proven innocent. This is due to the prevalence of stereotypes in which the public is shown stories of male only sexual offenders. In the case of female sex offenders, often the assailants crime is portrayed as romantic in nature and the victim is seen as lucky to have been with an older woman (Sanghani, 2015). Arousal is more easily expressed by the male body, therefore it is assumed that since men had an erection and achieved orgasm that they enjoyed it, it could be used as a sign of consent. Using biological functions as a way to determine if someone enjoyed a sexual assault, society ultimately dismisses the assault.