Bandura Mediational Process In Gymnastics

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1. INTRODUCTION
Gymnastics it is not only a great source for physical exercise but also a great source for encouraging discipline as well as time-management skills. In addition, it is an important arena where feedback, reinforcement, and motivation are working together to help, both the gymnast and trainer in achieving better performance. For gymnasts, this can be translated into taking pride in accomplishments, feeling competent, enjoying the process while learning new skills. For coaches, it is the satisfaction of assisting and providing support to the gymnasts, being part of the growth process in improving their performance and/or achieving new skills. (Weider, 2015)
One important tool that is essential for gymnastic coaches is feedback
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Those are attention, retention, reproduction and motivation. For a behavior to be imitated, the persons` attention should be grabbed first. The next step is about retention and refers to the capacity of an individual to remember the perceived conduct. As we move forward to the third step, a memory of the behavior is needed, to performed to a later time by the observer what the model just demonstrated. This one is called reproducing the conduct. Finally, the last step of Bandura mediational process is about the motivation of imitating the conduct and refers to the determination to perform the behavior. The rewards or punishment of that conduct will be considered by the observer.…show more content…
Although many principles are related to changing behavior, there are two basic premises for a reinforcement to be effective. Those premises are either positive (being rewarded) or negative (being punished) consequences. If the result is a good consequence such as being rewarded, people are most likely to repeat the behavior. Whereas, on a negative consequence, such as being punished, the behavior will tend to avoid it. Three directions of reinforcement can be seen here. The first one, external reinforcement, refers to that, people regulate their behavior on the basis of consequences they have directly experienced. The second is vicarious reinforcement and occurs when a behavior is acquired by observation versus being acquired directly. Whereas, self-administered reinforcement, refers to people regulating their behavior on the basis or consequences that they created for themselves. (internet)
In the early stages of learning it is desirable that reinforcement is continuous and immediate. However, on a later stage of learning, reinforcement process needs to be more intermittent to be more effective. Positive reinforcement can take many forms. Some of these are verbal compliments, smiles, pat on the back or other nonverbal behavior that shows or implies approval. Smith & Smoll (1997), demonstrates that athletes who play for positively oriented coaches enjoys their athletic experience more, likes their trainers

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