The looking glass self- theory states that one person’s self-growth out of a person’s social interaction with others. The view of ourselves comes from the contemplation of personal qualities and impressions of how others perceive us. Basically, how we see ourselves does not come from who we really are, but rather from how we believe others see us. The main point is that people shape their self-concepts based on their understandings of how others see them. We form our self-image as the reflections of the response and evaluations of others in our environment.
Symbolic Interactionism George Mead (1863-1931) George Herbert Mead is one of the key developers of the symbolic interactionism. This is a micro-level perspective based on self and society. It states that human behavior is influenced by meanings and definitions that are created through interactions with others in society. This is the ongoing use of a language and gestures in suspense to how the other will react in a conversation. Within the George Mead’s theory of Mind, Self and Society, he said that the self is made up of 2 components: the “me” represents expectations, attitudes and learnt behaviors of others in society.
He explained that, dividing practices not only have personal impact, but also effect social identity of the subject. In this, people who exhibit different behavior are subjected to different means of objectification, by physically separating f rom the society. These practices are justified using meditation of science [Rabinow, 1984, Page: 8] . 2. Scientific Classification: This is practice that "arises from the modes of inquiry which try to give themselves the status of sciences.
In this view, individuals are measured as factors who are contained in their own progression and, by means of their actions, they are able to make things happens. According to agency view, among other individual elements, people have self-beliefs through which they apply some control over their ideas, emotions, and activities. Therefore, people are both products and producers of their own surrounding and social system (Pajares, 2002) Upon of all the concepts that impact people’s presentation and performing, and locate at the center of social cognitive theory, are self-efficacy beliefs (Pajares, 2002). The foundation of human motivation, well-being and individual attainment is supplied by self-efficacy. If people believe that their attempt can create the requested results, they have enough stimuli to take action or insist in the face of adversities (Pajares, 2002).
Furthermore, the ontology of this particular social theory is concerned with reality. Reality is thought of as an individual construct dependent to different situations while applied to hermeneutical phenomenological research. Hereafter, it is based on the belief that realities are multiple. In addition, we tackled on two important people who are important in hermeneutical phenomenology. These people were Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger.
Similarly, compliance refers to when an individual accepts influence from a group to achieve a favourable reaction from them (Constable, Shuler, Klaber, & Rakauskas, 2015). Lastly, obedience is a form of social influence where an individual acts in response to a direct order from another individual (McLeod, 2007). Looking at various experiments performed by Solomon Asch, Stanley Milgram, and Philip Zimbardo, this paper 's purpose is to identify the numerous ways in which people influence others, and how that changes their behaviour and actions, as well as the differences between them. Conformity is divided into two groups, normative and informational. Conformity itself is defined as "a change in belief or behaviour in order to fit in with a group" (McLeod, 2016), because of group pressure.
The difference in individual is analysed by understanding their behaviour and reaction to organizational policies, procedures and practices. It is highly concerned with the psychological theories of an individual as it studies motivation, perception, learning, value and attitudes, personality of an individual and try to analyse how individual behave and react in different
Talk of this part of the model is conceded until the procedures have been characterized and representations have been given., normally by means of the faculties, additionally through perception and feeling In terms of the cultural dynamics framework, manifestation permits cultural assumptions (the essence of culture in Schein's theory) to reveal themselves in the perceptions, cognitions, and emotions of organizational members. The cultural dynamics model suggests that manifestation occurs in two ways: through those processes that proactively influence values (the arrow from assumptions to values in Figure 2) and
In this sense, values can be seen as a set of social norms that define the rules or context for social interaction through which people act and communicate, according to specific authors. These social norms have an impact on subsequent behaviors of individuals through acting as a means of social control that sets the expectations and boundaries of appropriate behaviors for them. (Leidner D, Kayworth T,
Social Cognitive Theory or SCT was based on the concept that learning is affected by cognitive, behavioral, and environmental factors (Bandura, 1991). The theory states that when people observe a model performing a behavior and the consequences of that behavior, they remember the sequence of events and use this information to guide subsequent behaviors. Observing a model can also prompt the viewer to engage in behavior they already learned (Bandura, 1986). Social Cognitive Theory also emphasizes human capacities for self-direction and self-motivation (Bandura, 1988a). In exercising self-directedness, people adapt internal standards, they keep track of their behavior and they arrange incentives for themselves to sustain their efforts until they accomplish what they set out to do.