Bandura Social Learning Theory

979 Words4 Pages
When developing the theory, Bandura hypothesized that all social learning can be observed by people and people can learned from the observation.
Bandura (1961) illustrated the Bobo doll experiment to explain how children observe people 's behaviors and copy the behaviors they have observed. Bandura stated people learn new behaviour by observing and imitating others.
To support the hypothesis, researchers conduct different experiments and provide empirical evidences to support what Bandura hypothesized.
Pinkham and Jaswal (2011) and Lewis (1974) conducted experiments to test if human learn from observation. Pinkham and Jaswal (2011) conducted experiment on child to see if they could learn how to turn the light box on by observing parents '
…show more content…
Bandura hypothesized reinforcement is necessary in the learning process(Glanz et al, 2002). B.F. Skinner (1938) conduct experiment of Skinner 's box, encouraging certain behaviours occur and gave it rewards after a desired behaviour occurred. Evidences were given to this hypothesis as well. Raj, Nelson, & Rao (2006) conducted experiments on working performance by giving reinforcements to reinforce worker to increase their willingness to work, result found that workers who received rewards increase their willingness to work. Del Chiaro (2006) studied the use of positive verbal reinforcement given by supervisor to employees could improve job satisfaction or not. The result showed positive verbal reinforcement given to the employees can increased the job satisfaction too.
We concluded reinforcement is important in the learning process as evidences above showed how reinforcement influences people 's behaviours, reinforcement not always effective on recurrence of people 's behaviours. Edward, C. Tolman (1930) conducted experiment in latent learning to prove human 's learning without reinforcement. Stevenson (1954) conducted experiment on children finding out a key and then a 'non key ' object without incentives. The result showed children could act without reinforcement.
Reinforcement is important in learning process rather than it 's necessary in learning process. The research showed people still learn without reward, but with a chance of lower motivation than people
…show more content…
P. Christopher Earley conducted a study on the belief of employees ' capabilities and productivity in workplace. Result found if employees were given better production techniques and high production goals, their belief in the capabilities increased. When the self-efficacy of employees increased, they would accept high production goals and result in high level of productivity (Early, 1986, cited as Bandura 1988). Another study which carried by Eden & Aviram (1993) evaluated the influences of providing intensive trainings to the unemployed workers and found workers with low self-efficacy were able to develop higher
Open Document