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Barbara Grutter Case Summary

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Procedural history. Barbara Grutter (Plaintiff), a white resident from the state of Michigan, was denied admission to the University of Michigan Law School (Defendant). She sued the Law School in a federal district court, and alleged racial discrimination against her in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment on the basis of the Defendant’s consideration of race as a key factor in the school’s admissions process. The district court upheld the Plaintiff’s claim. The court of appeals reversed.
Facts. The Law School from the University of Michigan intended to achieve diversity in their student body by evaluating each applicant based on an application that includes: GPA scores, LSAT scores, letters of recommendation, student’s personal essay, among
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