The poor treatment of slaves led to several Servile (Slave) Wars. In the beginning of Christianity the attitude Romans had towards slaves changed noticeably in the later centuries. The manpower provided by the number of slaves that Rome had depended on had declined drastically with manumission (the act of freeing a slave). Some Romans would even sell themselves into wilful slavery, including into the arena, to become famous or to pay off large debts. This lead to the decline in the tax base of Rome and less money was available to defend the
Some historians claim that there are as many as a hundred political and non-political interweaving reasons that led to the collapse of Roman Empire. One of the important political causes is the division of the Empire into two empires, the west (Latin) and the eastern (Greek, later known as the Byzantine empire) in 284 A.D. by Diocletian. This division was adopted to protect the over-expanding empire and to defend its borders against the Barbarian attacks. This was achieved initially as the two empires synchronized responsibilities and strengthened each. However, over successive years, there were religious and linguistic barriers that prevented further cooperation and inhibited any trials for re-union.
An entity that the mighty Rome had once rested its laurels on, the legions, had now become weak and overstretched. Emperors faced the difficult challenge of defending the expansive borders of the empire, while at the same time dealing with a drop in citizen enrollment. In order to continue to defend the empire, emperors were forced to hire outside mercenaries to help swell the ranks of the legions. At this time, many of the mercenaries were from Germanic Tribes who had recently migrated to the borders of the Roman empire after being forced from their homelands by the powerful Huns. While the barbarians, as the Romans called them, proved to be helpful in battle, they had little loyalty towards Rome and would often turn against their Roman officers.
At first, the games were for funerals, but they grew much bigger due to all the attention it got. The first games were for a man named Junius Brutus in 264 BCE in Rome, Italy. Emperor Augustus saw how popular the games were getting, and he had the Colosseum built. Most of the gladiators were prisoners and sent to the arena as punishment, but in the later years, many people willingly became gladiators. Also,in the early years, when the Roman Empire would take over an area, they would take the people of that country and see if they were worthy enough to become gladiators.
The history of Hutus and Tutsis go back to the time when they first got colonized by the French. No one really knows how and why Hutus and Tutsis came to be but they hypothesized that Hutus worked in with cattle and Tutsis worked in agricultural fields. Slowly the Tutsis came into power and ruled Rwanda; this pulled the separation and difference of the two groups apart because of social class differences. The Hutus soon grew hatred towards the Tutsis and started the civil wars which lead to the genocide. The life of the Tutsis during the time turned for the worse after several years of fights that broke out between Rwanda and neighboring countries.
Not only internal maladies negatively affected Rome, though. External factors played a huge role in the destruction of the Roman Empire. For one, Rome had been conquering territory for as long as it existed. At its height, they owned Europe, Britain, Northern Africa, and Western Asia. They had, in effect, spread themselves too thin.
Barbarians have an impressive history despite the bloodshed left in their wake. They somehow went from a lone, nomadic clan to an allegiance of clans who conquered Asia, the Middle East and Eastern Europe in a very short amount of time. The Barbarians success was probably a result of their strategy and preparedness in war. First they had a specific chain of command for their army and a strategy for attacking that would make their numbers seem larger and surround their adversaries. Furthermore, they would not allow their adversary to rest while fighting and instead took turns to wear them out.
For example, in Document 6, it states that they “-didn’t get the support expected.” It also says in the Fourth Crusade, that they attacked Byzantine Empire. Although they won, “-crusading lost much of its appeal to most Europeans.” “Jerusalem stayed under Muslim control.” This is important to know since this helps understand how horrible the Crusades were. The Crusaders were known to be a group of knights
However, there was an immediate threat to the stability of the new Roman state: the secession of plebeians. When the plebs were upset about the debts of servitude they owed to the patricians, they had the idea of killing the consuls, but having been told that would not solve their problems, “without the order of the consuls and on the advice of one Sicinius, they withdrew to the sacred Mount” (Lucretius 2.32). Because of this secession, “the plebs, abandoned by their supporters, feared violence at the hands of the senators. The senators feared the plebs who were left in the city,” which showed the tension between the Roman people and the threat of further destabilization should violence have erupted. Menenius Agrippa was able to bring the plebeians back into the fold with his parable of the belly and limbs, which led to the creation of tribunes, plebeian magistrates who were sacrosanct and had the power to veto the consuls, and some
Economic problems, overexpansion, division of the empire, loss of traditional values, government corruption, weakening of Roman legions, and barbarian invasions are the primary forces that lead to the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Historians have made other speculation such as natural disasters and lead poisoning, but these degrees played a small role in the fall of Rome in comparison to military, economic, and administrative factors. The Roman
Immigrants were confronted with just as much adversity as minorities and critics; like African Americans during the Great Migration (Document B), foreigners left what they knew best behind for better conditions. Refugees were also the victims of the Klu Klux Klan because they were not full-blooded Americans. The restrictions on the first amendment applied to the general populous (Document G), including aliens. They often took the blame for communist activity during the Palmer Raids, just as the union leaders of the country did. Clearly, immigrants did not flu under the radar during and just after the
The act was unevenly administered and there were many who opposed it. It helped drive Borden’s Union government but drove most of his French Canadian supporters into opposition, as they felt alienated by this attempt to force their participation into imperial