Annually, millions of people travel to northern France to view the grand and pompous Baroque style of the Palace of Versailles’s Hall of Mirrors. Built in 1698 during the reign of Louis XIV, the Palace of Versailles stood for over 100 years as “the primary residence of the kings of France and the seat of the government,” and in 1979, the Palace of Versailles and its gardens were decreed a World Heritage site by the UNESCO. An examination of the Palace’s Hall of Mirrors will reveal a dramatic use of light, symmetry, large-scale frescoes, a shell for painting, sculpture, and stucco, and an opulent use of rich color and accessories common to a French Baroque-style interior. Louis XII (r. 1610 - 1643) used the initial residence as a hunting lodge and retreat for his family, and in 1624, he commissioned Jacques Lemercier to build a chateau on the site, which remains as “the exterior façade overlooking the Marble Court.” From 1661 to 1710, Louis XIV oversaw the residential transformation of the majestic complex surrounded by gardens. All of the design were “intended to glorify the king.” Architects Jules Hardouin-Mansart, Robert de Cotte, and Louis Le Vau oversaw the renovations and additions. The landscape architect was Andre Le Notre and the interior decorator was Charles Le Brun, who was the first painter to the King. During the reign of Louis XIV, Italy lost its power and the religious wars ended. France, which grew in trade and wealth, became the new power. With
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Economic advantage was a prime reason for expansion; as a result New France was expected to produce furs, minerals & timber for France to replace items
The palace took twenty-seven years to build but this was important for France because of its many uses. This palace had many purposes, one of them being the center of government. Louis centralizing the government gave him more control over it and made it more organized. Because Paris was constantly being attacked, they purposely built it a safe distance from the city. As well as setting this palace as the center of France, Louis also invited playwrights, poets, and artists to come to this palace in order to create a center of culture for the country.
He had many wars that he fought in order to increase his land. He grew the country the France with these wars. By growing the land that France owned he increased his power by increasing the amount of people he ruled over, and also gained the respect of the people making it easier for him to be an absolute
Louis XIV built the Palace of Versailles to demonstrate power and control, Peter the Great built St. Petersburg, “window to the west” to show control of nobility of the city. They both were determined to make their buildings last to prove their ruling would go down in history. Versailles was for luxury and entertainment through gambling, most that is still present today through parties and concerts. St. Petersburg was used for social gatherings for men and women, forced to socialize 3 times a week and to have rituals often. The famous buildings built by Louis XIV and Peter the Great are similar because of their success by making sure everyone got together as a
The years 1750-1900 are better known as the Revolution Era. During this time period, there were several revolutions that occurred throughout the developing world. Two of the main revolutions were the French Revolution and the Latin American Revolution. Both revolutions followed the anatomy of a revolution and had comparable causes, however the French Revolution politically better outcomes, whereas the Latin American Revolution resulted in poverty and lost territory.
Mark’s Square. This palace had predominantly Byzantine-Venetian architectural inspirations. Political changes and expansion in 1297 also led to the major modifications of the Doge Palace that we see in Venice today, except the Piazzeta’s façade that was completed with the construction of the Porta della Carta by Giovanni and Bartolomeo Bon. In 1483 Antonio Rizzo was commissioned to repair the damages caused by a violent fire that broke out on the canal-side of the palace that housed the Doge’s apartments. This was the introduction of the Renaissance architectural influence.
Within the period of 1750 to 1914, changes were taking place around the world. New empires and nations began growing and expanding their territory, and as a result of these actions, wars, bankruptcy, and rebellions became more common. An example is the American Revolution, in which the American colonists, who were influenced by new philosophies and the sense of nationalism, fought and gained their independence from Britain. This revolution eventually inspired others throughout the world as it was successful in gaining the colonies independence from a powerful European empire. Those revolutions include the Haitian and French Revolution.
1. Relive a Bygone Era of Design When you purchase and refurbish antique marble mantels and fireplaces, you can relive design features of a bygone era. Often floral details and figurines were part of these elements in settings that have long been discarded by stonemasons in order to modernise
One such artists was found, the Master of Moulins; his work presents the simplification of the composition to a few figures, which was becoming the popular style in the late fifteenth century. Pierre Verlet was the first to announce that the artist for the tapestry must be from the area of Moulins, where the capital of the Bourbon court was. The Master of Moulins is quite possible Jean Prevost, who was greatly honored at the Bourbon court in 1502. Jean Prevost designed the windows of the Lyons cathedral from 1471 to 1498, affiliating him with Jean Le Viste who most likely commissioned this artist for the Lady and the Unicorn tapestry. Accordingly, Le Viste sought for an artist with Lyonnaise origins who welcomed patronage of the
Versailles and Forbidden City represent the difference of traditional cultures and art between the East and the West. Versailles has a elegant U-shaped main building in the center and a royal court with diverse plants. Inspired by the architecture of baroque Italian villas, but executed in the French classical style, the garden front and wings were encased in white cut ashlar stone that called enveloppe. The inner palace for royal family living is decorated with minors and luxurious lights. Sculptures and paintings are displayed in every corner.
Was the French Revolution preventable? This is a question that is fascinating to think about. What could have been done differently to prevent this revolution that cost countless people their lives? Why were others willing to give their lives, for what cause? Why was life so turbulent?
Although Carlos Fourth hardly used the palace, he was responsible for entrusting Juan de Villanueva with the restoration, from 1806 to 1809, of the Royal Chapel and the House of Crafts, damaged by a fire. Ferdinand VII refurbished the palace, in this case with furniture and clear empire inspiration. He was the last monarch who habituated him regularly and he also owes the systematization of the garden and the construction of the small bridge that connects the royal apartments around the Patio de los Austrias with the