When massed confederate artillery devastated a union assault by fitz John porter 's command, long streets wing of 28,000 men counterattacked in the largest simultaneous mass assault of the war. The confederates may have had less soldiers but they won the Battle of Second Bull
The First Battle of Fort Sumter began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate artillery fired on the Union garrison. These were the first shots of the war and continued all day, watched by many civilians in a celebratory spirit. The fort had been cut off from its supply line and surrendered the next day. The Second Battle of Fort Sumter (September 8, 1863) was a failed attempt by the Union to retake the fort, dogged by a rivalry between army and navy commanders. Although the fort was reduced to rubble, it remained in Confederate hands until it was evacuated as General Sherman marched through South Carolina in February 1865.
He and his army had success at the Second Bull Run and Fredericksburg. His best performance was at the Battle of Chancellorsville it was also known as the bloodiest battle of the civil war (History Channel). Although Robert E Lee won a lot of battles he also lost some too, here are those battles. The Battle of Cheat Mountain in september 12-15, 1861. This was the first battle that the confederates lost.
During the Civil War, Wilmington, NC became the last major seaport open to Confederate blockade-runners, which required a strong fort for protection against the Union attacks. Fort Fisher was largely constructed of earth and sand, it was better than brick and stone fortifications, which provided great protection to the Confederate soldiers. The fort’s artillery consisted of 47 mounted guns with 22 facing in the seaward batteries and 25 facing the land approaches. On December 1864, Lieutenant General (LT GEN) Ulysses S. Grant dispatched a force to capture Fort Fisher, which resulted in a complete failure. As result of this failure, LT GEN Grant appointed Major General (MAJ GEN)
In September 1862, a battle was fought in a small town in Maryland. More lives were lost than any other battle or war that the United States has ever experience before or since. This battle had no true winner but it did have consequeses that changed the course of the Civil War. In James M. McPherson’s book Crossroads of Freedom Antietam The Battle That Changed the Course of the Civil War, he shows how small events added up to lead to the Battle of Antietam and ultimately to the North winning the Civil War.
In June of 1775, 2,400 British soldiers met 1,600 militia members at Breed 's Hill. While the battle took place at Breed 's Hill, it 's famously called the Battle of Bunker Hill. In the middle of the night the militia members quietly set up at at Breed 's Hill. This forced the British to battle uphill. While it seems like the colonists had all the advantages, they ended up losing because they were extremely low on ammunition.
The Battle Of The Plains Of Abraham started during the Seven Years War. It stared September 13, 1759. The Battle Of The Plains Of Abraham was about who was going to have power over it. The main players in the battle were James Wolfe and he was the leader of the British invasion. He had 13,500 men and most of them were regular solders.
The minutemen were trying to push the british out. In lexington nearly 700 british soldiers and 77 minutemen gathered to fight when suddenly a shot rang out, it was called the shot heard round the world. No one knows which side fired this shot to start the battle. After this multiple shots were fired from both sides and 8 militiamen lay dead and 9 injured with only 1 injured british soldier before the minutemen retreated.
Throughout much of the battle, General Lee and his aggressiveness served him well, but as the battle came to a close, that aggressiveness led to disaster. Lee instructed his almost 15,000 soldiers to attack the center of the Union force, but the Union side was ready with reinforcements on top of the 6,500 soldiers already waiting. With their force spread about two miles wide, they fired their artillery to the sky hoping that some of their bullets would find their mark, and many did. The Union guns were quick to reply and the guns raged on for more than an hour, the heaviest combat of the Civil War. As the Confederate soldiers made the trek through “no-man’s land,” Union artillery hurt their lines a lot.
On Friday, April 12, 1861, at 4:30 a.m., Confederate batteries opened fire on Fort Sumter and continued for 34 hours. Anderson did not return the fire for the first two hours. The fort 's supply of ammunition was not suited for an equal fight and Anderson lacked fuses for his exploding shells. At 7:00 A.M., Union Capt. Abner Doubleday, the fort 's second in command, was afforded the honor of firing the first shot in defense of the fort.
Even though no one was killed in this battle it was significant because it was the first real battle of the Civil War. For the North, they viewed Major Anderson and his men as a heroes and the South viewed General Beauregard and his men as heroes as well. President Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated as president on March 4, 1861. His election was one of the reasons the South seceded from the Union. He restricted slavery in the rebelling states with the Emancipation Proclamation.
The Battle of Lexington and Concord was a bad battle and the first battle of the Revolutionary War, This is also the reason it is called the shot heard around the world. It was called this because the first shot that was fired started the war and it also was a symbolic moment for both sides. The battle started and was a very bloody fight in which many men died. This showed both sides that they were up against an almost equal force and it would be extremely hard to beat the enemy in this war. In the end of this battle 8 miniet men lay dead on the ground and about 50 British soldiers died at the same time.
The battle of Antietam was near Sharpsburg, Maryland and was on September 17, 1862. This battle was between the Union and Confederates, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was for the union and Robert E. Lee was for the Confederates. This battle was the single bloodiest day, there were around 25,00 casualties altogether from both the Union side and the Confederates side. A couple engagements of this battle were Battle of Harpers Ferry, during which a portion of the Confederate Army under General Stonewall Jackson captured the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry; and the Battle of South Mountain, which involved three pitched battles McClellan’s Army of the Potomac had to fight to pass through Blue Ridge Mountains to meet Lee’s forces.
On April 6, 1862 the Battle of Shiloh began and lasted for approximately a day and half; this battle was fought between General Albert Sidney Johnston and General Ulysses S. Grant and led to the South’s demise in the war. The battle site was named Shiloh due to the small church that stands in the middle of the battlefield. In this particular battle of the civil war, General Albert Sidney Johnston died. He was the highest ranking General of the civil war; on either side. General Ulysses S. Grant, and many others, considered this battle to be the bloodiest battle of the civil war.