Britain and France had tried on countless occasions to capture the area, however they were forced back by German artillery. Thus, leaving the capture in the hands of the Canadian troops. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was the first battle that was fought by all four Canadian Corps division and was led by British general Julian Byng and under his command was Canadian general Arthur Currie. This attack on Vimy Ridge was very
The impact and the casualties that the Battle o f Verdun had on the French Army was the reason was the reason why the British started the Battle of the Somme. The Battle of Verdun was to make General Philippe a French hero. The attack on Verdun was caused by the plan of a German Chief named von Falkenhayn. He wanted to launch a huge German attack on a historic sentiment in France which was Verdun. Falkenhayn believed that Verdun was so valuable to France that if Verdun fell it would change the course of the war.
Second, to gain air superiority, the Allies needed to ensure a successful invasion, the third was where the Allies undertook a bombing campaign known as Operation Pointblank, which targeted German aircraft production, fuel supplies and airfields. These elaborate deceptions were codenamed Operation Bodyguard” (WIKI). All of these operations were undertaken in the months leading up to the invasion to prevent the Germans from learning the timing and the location of the
To the west was Von Zangen’s 15th Army, to the east was Student’s 1st Parachute Army, and in the south at the Siegfried line was Brandenberger’s 7th Army. Model requested for reinforcements, but Germany have no available soldiers, so they conscripted young and old men. Model also ordered the 2nd SS Panzer Corps to retreat towards Arnhem to rest and refit. (Appendix D) This decision to transfer the SS Panzer by Model is one of the reasons why Operation Market Garden failed. Hitler believed that Model wasn’t capable of restoring the German defense, so he replaced Model with Von Rundstedt as OB West.
Before the invasion a dummy army was created and placed in Southeast England to convinvce the germans the attack was coming at pas de calais (Foot). The invasion took place because the allies knew the a large invasion was the only way to win the battle in europe and to open up two battle fronts, relieving pressure off the soviet front (Foot). Canada was a key player in delivering the astronomical victory at D-day. Canada sent 450 paratroopers (Operation Overlord: D-Day Remembered), 14,000 troops, 110 ships, 10,000 sailers
Spanning from 1914 to 1918, a major battle, known as the First World War was fought due to disruptions occurring in Austria surrounding the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand in June 1914. Following the First World War, unpredictability of the political and economic systems of Germany led to a Second World War that lasted from 1939 to 1945. Both wars were fought and won by strategic military alliances between different countries (Diffen). Although these wars were fought at different times and in different places, nevertheless there were some similarities between the two like how they both ended in a lot of death and destruction. One common factor in both wars was also how they both resulted in Germany being left in ruins (Diffen).
After securing this area in the Netherlands, the force of northern Germany would weaken, which would allow Allied units to begin to move further into Germany. The British needed more leverage, so the British First Airborne Division, and the United States 101st Airborne Division were dropped into the Netherlands. The Operation needed to be during the day, and the objective was to catch the enemy off guard, and to take control over the bridges in order for the British to cross over. The American general, President Dwight Eisenhower, had made the decision to use Montgomery's strategy. The first reason being the pressure from Eisenhower’s superior in the United States to coordinate and send off a team of highly trained paratroopers.
Their army was reduced to 100,000 men, their navy and air force were restricted, Anschluss with Austria was forbidden and they had to pay reparations of a total of 6.6 billion pounds. Germany was not consulted about this and was forced to sign. Finally, Hitler followed an expansionist policy of Lebensraum, which means living space. This term was used by Nazis to justify their claim to large areas of Russia and Eastern Europe. It was to cater for the growing German population and there are no doubt that Hitler’s aims and objectives contributed to Hitler dominating the diplomatic stage in Europe.
The Significance of Gallipoli One of the most famous World War one battles started in 1915 between the British and French troops of the Allies against the Turkish soldiers. The battle of Gallipoli lasted for nine months till the sea water turned to red blood. The Allies main target was to take over The Gallipoli Peninsula from the hands of the Turkish people. Even though the attempt of the battle failed, it formed the Turkish War of Independence and the declaration under the hands of Mustafa Kemal for the Republic of Turkey. One of the major significance was the birth of national consciousness in Australian and New Zealand, known as The Anzac Day.
The assault had called for either heavy bombardment, or the cover of darkness in order to achieve success. When neither could be achieved, the mission should have been called off. Lieutenant Colonel Catto was the commander of the battalion assaulting Puys. Catto requested a heavy bombardment in order to clear any barbed wire on the beaches. He knew from his experience in World War I that the Germans had always laid heavy wire around their defenses.
Late in the afternoon, Confederate reinforcements including those arriving by rail from the Shenandoah Valley extended the Confederate line and succeeded in breaking the Union right flank. At the battle’s climax Virginia cavalry under Colonel James Ewell Brown Jeb Stuart arrived on the field and charged into a confused mass of New Yorkers, sending them fleetly to the rear. The Federal retreat rapidly deteriorated as narrow bridges, overturned wagons, and heavy artillery fire added to the confusion. The calamitous retreat was further impeded by the hordes of fleeing onlookers who had come down from Washington to enjoy the spectacle. Although victorious, Confederate forces were too disorganized to pursue.