That day, 30 June 1520 CE, referred to as Noche Trista, forced the Spanish to flee (Youtube.com). The months following, the Spanish returned with their allies, the Thaxcalan, declaring an extensive and daunting battle ravaged with sickness and death, the city of Tenochtitlan collapsed. The conquerors ransacked and pillaged any remaining resourceful commodities and treasures and declared the land New Spain, under new and direct rule from the New World. The Aztec civilization came to an abrupt end (Calloway
As stated before, the US was justified in going to war with Mexico because of three reasons, Americans were killed, Texas was already annexed, and Manifest Destiny allows it.The United states had many superb reasons for going to war with Mexico. This essay is significant because it helps explain the United States’ choice to go to war with
The first European power to set-up permanent settlements in America were the Spanish. The first Spanish permanent base was set up by Nicolas de Ovando, who in 1502 arrived with 2,500 men. Then in 1519 a man named Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztec city using superior military technology and a disease called smallpox. The Aztec City takeover was the key to the Spanish success because they were warriors who were basically superior to their surrounding neighbors. The Aztecs were able to force the barbarian view on others, of course this was before the smallpox epidemic (Foner, 2012, pp.20-21) At this time Spain and Portugal were being enforced with a powerful royal government and religious orthodoxy by exploiting the Muslims and Jews.
With the losses adding up, Mexico turned to recent standby General Antonio Lopez Delaware Santa Ana, the strong man who had been living in exile in Cuba. Santa Ana convinced President Polk that, if allowed to come back to United Mexican States, he would finish the war on terms that would be considered favorable to the us. However, once he arrived, he straight off double-crossed President Polk by taking management of the Mexican army and leading it into battle. At the Battle of Buena Vista in February 1847, Santa Ana suffered serious casualties and was forced to withdraw. Despite the loss, he assumed the Mexican presidency the next
In 1519, Hernándo Cortés, a Spanish Conquistador ventured into Tenochtitlan, the capital of Aztec empire, searching for gold and glory. He set out to conquer the empire and to capture the Aztecs in order to achieve his ambitions. Moctezuma, the highly respected leader of the mighty Aztec Empire, came confronting with Hernán Cortés, the leader of a small band of professional European soldiers from a huge island that lay six day’s sail to the east. In “Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Women in the Conquest of Mexico” and “Mexico and the Spanish Conquest”, Camilla Townsend and Ross Hassig respectively present one histories in their own interpretations of the conquest of Mexico.
Benito Juarez was the 26th President of Mexico. Señor Juarez did a lot for the well being of Mexico, such as stopping the French in Mexico, stopping the Second Mexican Empire, modernizing the country, and other great deeds. Benito Juarez also was a lawyer and a governor before becoming president. President Juarez helped Mexico stop the interference of the French in Mexico. This was an event when Napoleon the Third of France brought his military into Mexico and tried to seize the country.
The arrival of Hernán Cortés and his men in Mexico in 1519 caused the Aztec culture to be destroyed and the Spanish to increase their wealth to new levels. This event lead to the conquer of the Aztec empire and the world to change. This event was very pivotal and lead to a change in the culture of Mexico. If the Aztecs were never conquered the world would be very different and modern Mexico would not be nearly the same as today. Hernán Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellin, Spain.
Manifest Destiny refers to the God-given right for the Americans to take as much territory as possible to the west, across the whole continent to be exact. President Tyler Polk was such a strong believer and supported of the Manifest Destiny that he asked too much from Mexico. He asked for the border between the two countries to be at the Rio Grande River. When this was proposed Mexico threatened for war, so the President sent an ambassador. The
Suddenly, out of nowhere, Mexican Soldiers gained upon us, and fired. The attack led with surprised war cries... The Mexican American War impacted many lives. It determined if Mexico was able to keep California and Texas away from America’s grasp. In 1821, Mexico won it’s independence from Spain.
While many worldviews exist, The fall of the Aztec empire was unavoidable.The Aztec’s were a group of people who were very religious and lived in Mexico for hundreds of years but one day a group of Spanish people arrived and executed all of the Aztec people. Many of them died from diseases the spanish brought with them like small pox. The others were killed by the spanish and some were taken to spain as slaves. This was led by an explorer named Hernan Cortes. The first reason that the shows extinction of the Aztec race was unavoidable was because of the diseases like smallpox that the Spanish brought with them.
So with the tactic, Guile and surprise, which was used with great effect against the Americans, the natives had to find a solution to this Spanish strategy. So, the Aztecs soon became aware of the ways that the Europeans fought, and this almost led to their victory. This, near destruction of the Spanish was not only from the pure initiative of the Aztecs and predictability of the Spanish but also from the massive numbers, especially the Incans, had over the Spanish “ If twenty-five thousand indians perished for every spaniard, his men would still be destroyed” - Cortes (page 171, 1969, the conquistadors, George Rainbird). All the Aztec and Incan warriors were familiar with the land, giving them the advantage of the land “ Which ever figure is correct, it’s terraces and it’s single stairway of 114 steps made it a natural fortress” (page 171, 1969, The Conquistadors, george rainbird). They were familiarised with the land because of this guaranteed enrollment of every man being in the army, these born warriors were brought up as a young boy to fight and die for his people giving the Americas the training and natural ability to fight.
Because of the violent actions the Mexicans troops took against the American troop, James K. Polk demanded congress to declare a war against Mexico. Polk claimed that American blood was shed in American territory but in reality it still wasn’t anyone’s property because both countries claimed the land. At the time Mexico didn’t recognize the annexation of Texas. Mexico took the actions of opening fire after the “annex”, something James K. Polk advocated after his beliefs of manifest destiny which was his belief of expanding America into foreign soil. As soon as Mexico opened fire, the Mexican American war started.
Montazuma the second was possibly one of the most important people in the entire history of The Aztec history. This is because he was the king/emperor when the Spanish concurs concurred the Aztec empire. He was born in 1466 and died in 29 of June 1520. According to one of the sources I used Montazuma was killed by the citizens of Tenochtitlan using rocks and spears because Cortez and his men forced Montazuma to admit defeat to his people. Letting the Spanish in to Tenochtitlan and showing weeknes was a horrible decision because the Spanish concurs saw this and used it against him.
November 8, 1519, Hernan Cortes at Tenochtitlan and was welcomed by an Aztec Emperor, Montezuma the second. Even though Montezuma didn’t trust Cortes, he thought that Cortes might be their god Quetzalcoatl, just in a human form. Montezuma gave Hernan and his men gifts of gold because he thought by giving them gifts would keep Cortes from taking over their city, but they made Cortes want more and more. Cortes imprisoned Montezuma within his own city, but Governor Velasquez from Cuba sent the expedition under conquistador Panfilo de Narvaez to take orders from Cortez. Cortes left Tenochtitlan to go and fight Narvaez.
soldiers in the disputed zone under the command of General Zachary Taylor, killing about a dozen. Taylor called in reinforcements, and with the help of superior rifles–were able to defeat the Mexicans at the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. Following those battles, Polk told the U.S. Congress that the “cup of patience has been exhausted, even before Mexico passed the boundary of the United States, invading our territory, and shed American blood upon American soil.” Two days later, on May 13, Congress declared war, despite opposition from some lawmakers. No official statement of war ever came from Mexico. At that time, only about 75,000 Mexican citizens lived north of the Rio Grande.