Baumrind Parenting Theory

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INTRODUCTION: In today’s society there are numerous theories that become linked to everyday living, how people develop, how people learn, and even around the subject of death and dying. These are just a few theories to mention however; on a lighter scale the aim of this research project is to discuss in detail famed psychologist Diana Baumrind’s theory of parenting. Firstly, the project will give an insight into Diana Baumrind the person responsible for inventing the theory that evolves around parenting styles who she is and the profession she stills works in today. Also included will be a brief outlook of the research format Baumrind used while concluding her study. Secondly, Authoritarian; Permissive and Authoritative were the names that…show more content…
Highly educated, Baumrind obtained her Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and Philosophy before going on to complete an M.A and PhD in Psychology. Today Diana Baumrind is still a psychologist at the Institute of Human Development at the University of California, Berkeley (Wikipedia 2016). To carry out the longitudinal study, Baumrind, for up to four months observed pre-school age children in their daily activities. In undertaking this Baumrind identified three dissimilar groups of children who had different behaviours, energetic friendly children, conflicted irritable children and impulsive aggressive children. Baumrind went on to interview the parents of these children and through the home and laboratory setting watched how both parent and child interacted, Baumrind followed these families right through to when the child had reached adolescence. After observations Baumrind then related the three different behaviours to the parenting styles that she had chosen, see figure 1. (Although figure 1 includes the Uninvolved/Neglectful style, this was not one of Baumrind’s parenting styles; this style was added in later years by Eleanor Maccoby and John Martin (Hetherington et al.…show more content…
Some of the characteristics shown by some of the children with authoritarian parents have included fearfulness, moody, changes in behaviour between anger and crankiness (Hetherington et al. 2006). Sons of authoritarian parents were low in cognitive and social competence. Their academic and intellectual performance was poor. They were unfriendly and lacked self-confidence, initiative, and leadership in their relations with peers (Hetherington et al. 2006). The authoritarian parent places huge emphasis on obedience. They strongly believe in sticking to the rules laid out. The authoritarian parent comes across as neither responsive to the child’s needs or shows any sense of warmth towards them. In charge, control and strict are the main traits that will be shown by authoritarian parents. Maturity demands are set extremely high for the child and the child would not be expected to participate in unsuitable behaviour (Spera
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