Demographically, the Columbian Exchange allowed for a major population increase in Europe, but killed many natives of The Americas. As a result of crops such as potatoes and corn being introduced to Europe due to the Columbian Exchange, European population increased because the food supply increased. In contrast, Native American population decreased drastically due to the unintentional introduction and spread of diseases such as smallpox. Environmentally, the Columbian Exchange allowed European farmers to grow new crops, but led to major deforestation in The Americas. As a result of new crops such as corn and potatoes being introduced to Europe, farmers are able to grow more food of greater diversity.
The plague then went through Constantinople and moved spread throughout Mediterranean countries. From there, the plague spread further Europe affecting more countries. During several years, the plague made its way throughout Europe and affected Europe causing numerous deaths and depopulation. Europe Before the Black Death struck Europe, they were in the High Middle Ages (1020-1300) where they were prevailing in agricultural technology, but was inadequate for further expansion of its country. So, to provide the sufficient space of growth, the forests were cleared and made
Poaching has killed off thousands of rhinos, and the numbers keep growing (https://www.savetherhino.org/rhino_info/rhino_population_figures). Although it is proven that rhino horn has no medicinal value, the high demand in rhinoceros horn is mainly caused by the myth that rhino horn can cure cancer and hangovers . In Asia, 70% percent of people believe that rhino horn is rhino teeth that fall out and grow back. This idea is encouraged by sellers so they can sell more horn (Olstein, pg 33). Also, poachers are poaching more rhinose because the price has skyrocketed to 100,000 dollars a kg.
Increasing proportions of deforestation is because of industrial activities and large scale agriculture. By the beginning of the 2000’s more than three quarters of forest clearing was for cattle farming Illegal logging is a main cause of deforestation in the vicious cycle of rainforest destruction. This is when farmers remove valuable timber from areas that they have illegally occupied. This results in land grabbers building roads that lead into untouched parts of the Amazon which opens more doors into the wonders and exposes the forest to exploitation and destruction without even a second thought or an understanding of the damage being done and the consequences of these
By the early 1910’s, electric cars became costly as compared to the gasoline cars which led to a decline in the electric car. By 1920’s the roads in America developed which connected the cities and people wanted to explore. There was a discovery of Texas Crude Oil and so gas became cheap and easily available for rural Americans while gas filling station popped up across the country. This led to a fall in the electric cars. In the 1960’s and early 1970’s, oil prices started increasing and there was gasoline shortage along with the 1973 Arab Oil Embargo.
Some of these were short-term effects, and others were long-term effects. The Columbian exchange is responsible for mass production of silver coins, which caused inflation; trade of corn and potatoes; which changed farming habits of Europeans; destruction of forests and plains in the New World, which caused Native Americans to change their hunting habits; and spread diseases, which caused a decline in Native American population. This is important because all of these effects of the Columbian exchange played a role in developing modern America. The Columbian exchange has helped shape America and without it, the America that stands today may be completely
The voluminous pollution generated by hog farms is a growing problem in the US and is intensified by the modern system of factory farming. The waste is a lingering, stinky problem for North Carolina and other hog-heavy states like Iowa, Minnesota, Illinois, and Indiana. North Carolina gained national attention in 1999 when drenching rains from Hurricane Floyd caused waste ponds to rupture and flood, contaminating local water supplies. Fifteen years after the disaster, the state remains the home of 8.9 million hogs, nearly as many as its human population of 9.8 million, making it the second largest pork producer in the
Before the turmoil that occurred due to the Black Death, Europe had a population spike from 38 million to 74 million. The Continent seemed to be in a state of growth in agriculture and social structure. Cities began rising with farmers, artisans, and other craftspeople that specialized in their field of work. The Black Death was the most devastating pandemic in human history, 30-75% of the population that contracted the disease died. The disease was caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, which is often carried around by fleas that live on rodents.
Vegetarianism is not as perfect as it seems as it results in habitat loss and excessive damage to the environment. As producing plants in mass quantities require large amounts of farmland and many cycles of planting, and harvesting, the land goes through constant ploughing (Archer 2). This ploughing is the main factor that the topsoil around the world is fading fast. The nonstop ploughing of the land is taking “ U.S. soil ten times faster than natural regeneration”. The dust which results for erosion also causes diseases within humans such as tuberculosis and anthrax.
This paper will discuss the rise in concern for the environmental issues especially in the West during the 1960’s and 1970’s. Firstly, It will look at the rise in affluent middle class in the 1960’s after the Second World War as one of the several factor in the rise in environmentalism. It will then look at how the visible negative effects of industrialization and growth in technology and science forced people to acknowledge that there was a need to address environmental problems. The paper will further look at the oil crisis in the late 1970’s and how the the fear of limited natural resources and overpopulation gradually gave impetus to the environmental movement. We will then examine the role of the counterculture and other social movements
The Black Death, also known as the Plague, was caused by an epidemic of the bacterium called “Yersinia Pestis”. The pandemic struck Europe in the late-1340s and wiped out nearly a third of Europe’s population. However, this tragedy also transformed European society positively because it created an opportunity for economic benefits and the growth of Humanism. According to the scholars, “the Black Death first took place in Mongolia in the late 1320s and spread to China and other parts of the Asia.”1 The pandemic reached Florence, Italy in spring of 1348 through the Mediterranean Sea while the European were traveling and expanding trade to exchange goods with Asia2. The source of Plague was unknown at the time; however, several years later,
Combining the Rhetorical Modes Pollution occurs in the world naturally as well by the hand of humans. Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. For example, when a cow passes gas a large amount of methane gas is released into the atmosphere. Methane is twenty one times more harmful to the environment than carbon dioxide, this results in the global temperature increasing. Humans contribute to pollution as well, for example, a person drives to work everyday in a car that runs on gas, the gas burning in his engine causes carbon monoxide to be released, increasing the global temperature.
They pose a risk to many large predators that are poisoned when they try to eat their highly toxic bodies (Shine, 2014). Why has it become a problem? Exactly 101 cane toads were brought into northern Queensland from Hawaii in 1935 as farmers were concerned about crop damage
The Dust Bowl Dust clouds, filthy homes, sickness, death, and migration were none other than the Dust Bowl. In the 1930s some of the toughest people survived this era. It wasn’t just the worldwide depression that made a lasting impact on the United States, the Dust Bowl changed the nation’s perspective on conserving soil and protecting the Earth. From the 1910s through the Roaring 20’s, farmers flocked into the Plains searching for wealth and prosperity. The farmers and settlers then plowed up 100 million acres in parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, California, Texas, and New Mexico, because there were some wet years..
In “The Consumer: A Republic of Fat,” the author, Michael Pollan argues that a huge industrial corn production in America has led to the increase of public health crisis such as obesity and diabetes. Pollan states this problem is similar to when corn whisky drove people to be alcoholic about one hundred years ago. When American farmers started producing excessive corn in the early nineteenth century, people became alcoholic and suffered from alcohol-related diseases by corn whiskey since it was much easier to transport than fresh corn. However, because of the technology improvement and lifestyle changes around the 1980s, the corn has been mostly turned into HFCS (high-fructose corn syrup), which is contained in almost all processed foods that