The Bay of Pigs was an invasion that the CIA had financed which involved training a group of Cuban refugees to land in Cuba. The primary goal of the invasion was to get rid of the communist government led by Fidel Castro. The Outcome of the invasion was unexpected, and the invasion failed miserably. The plan failed due to last minute cancellations of airstrikes, and the lack of knowledge that Castro had ordered 20,000 troops in advance to go to the attack site; this resulted in having the Cuban Air Force dominating the sky, which did not allow the U.S army to fight back. As the invasion went on, the chance of the U.S winning decreased within every hour.
After that, convinced that Arbenz threatened U.S. national security because of his alleged Communist sympathies, Eisenhower approved the first-ever clandestine military action in Latin America. June 18, 1954, after approximately one year of preparation, U.S.- backed troops invaded Guatemala with the intention of overthrowing Arbenz. Realizing his army had forsaken him and fearing for his life, Arbenz resigned as president on June 27th and fled to Mexico. The U.S.-chosen leader of the military coup, Carlos Castillo Armas, assumed control of the government, thus ensuring the promotion of American interests in Guatemala.
The Bay of Pigs Operation The Bay of Pigs Operation is the U.S. final measure in preventing the spread of communism into the western hemisphere. For years the CIA and other intelligence agencies have taken interest in Cuba, following the overthrow of U.S. backed Cuban Leader Fulgencio Batista by rebel leader Fidel Castro. The initial proposal of the operation is to outgoing President Eisenhower towards the end of his administration. President Eisenhower approves of the initial plan to overthrow the newly formed Castro regime. President Kennedy approves the final plan early in his administration.
The Bay of Pigs was an invasion to Cuba by the United States to try and establish a non-communist government. Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba and he wasn’t liked by the United States. President Dwight Eisenhower was the original starter of the whole plan and was carried out later by John F. Kennedy. The United States had no idea that Cuba had found out about this mission over a radio broadcast and were not prepared for such a counter. They tried their hardest to set up a successful plan, but sadly it didn’t end that way; many were captured and some killed.
However, that changed in 1994 when another wave of Cuban exiles arrived by boat. Following the Mariel Boat Wave Ronald Reagan criticized Carter for allowing the Mariel refugees into the United States (Gonzalez 113). This time, White America’s view on Cuban refugees shifted to match their views of refugees from the rest of Latin America. Concurrently, the political climate shifted as well and, according to Gonzalez, with the 1994 wave of Cuban refugees called balseros Bill Clinton ordered the first halt on special treatment of Cuban refugees in the United States’ history. Accordingly, U.S. officials would detain the balseros and, this time they would deny their entry (Gonzalez 108).
The first force of action Kennedy decided to take on Cuba was the economic blockade. This was put in place because Cuba had just signed a trade agreement with the USSR, and Kennedy knew that the USSR having access to planting their missiles only 90 miles away from US territory could be very dangerous. “Since the 1960s, the United States has imposed an embargo against Cuba...the blockade, consists of economic sanctions against Cuba and restrictions on Cuban travel and commerce for all people and companies under US jurisdiction.” This quote is from this website. This was a very big decision that Kennedy made because Cuba and the U.S traded a lot of goods between the each other, and he knew that he would be cutting off that supply completely. A lot of people did not believe he was making the right decision, but Kennedy knew that if his judgement and thinking was corrupted by other people 's perspective than he wouldn’t be able to truly figure out what was the right
What the video game manage to get historical accurate was the adventure into Cuba ends in disaster, the American-backed Cuban exiles routed by a better-supplied, better-equipped Communist force. The few American handlers in the area overseeing the operation are forced to flee, as the "invasion" ends in embarrassment and defeat for the CIA (who backed the operation) and US President John F Kennedy. That 's also how the operation ended in real life, while the exact locations and events depicted in the game version may be fictitious (particularly the "assassination" of Fidel Castro), the general course of events as well as the involvement of US special forces and the United States Air Force in the battle checks out. Moving towards The Arctic Circle despite this event taking place at the end of the war, when Germany was critically short on both men and equipment, you encounter a large Nazi base dug into the snow, complete with stores of nerve gas and V-2 rockets. Besides Germany building bases during the cold war most of the actions in the game deem fiction due to the Arctic Circle in the 1940s was a
1. Why did the United States impose an embargo on Cuba in 1960? By October 1960, the United States imposed a trade embargo on Cuba as a result of the increasing tension between the two nations. The tensions began when the Soviet Union decided to provide $100 million in credits and buy Cuban sugar, which would boost Cuba’s economy shortly after Castro’s revolutionaries overthrew the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista. As a result, the United States feared that the Soviet influence of communism would spread in Cuba and then other neighboring countries in the Americas.
The Cuban Missile Address is delivered October 22nd, 1962 in the Presidential office through a major radio and television address (Podell, Anzovin, and States United 705). Historically, it is worth mentioning that United States had attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro, who was at the time Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba, in at least two occasions known as the Bay of Pigs Operation and Operation Mongoose, because of his communist regime and close relationship with the Soviet Union (Pious). Then, after the Bay of Pigs incident, Fidel Castro urged Nikita Khrushchev, the Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to send support and weapons to Cuba, because of the fear of another attack to his person/regime, Nikita did by sending missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction, hence, this major crisis that lasted 14 days ending October 28, 1962 (Deinema and Leydesdorff). In addition, the target audience for this speech is the American people as President starts his speech with the phrase, “Good evening, my fellow citizens” (Kennedy); however, the secondary audience would be the Cuban people, whom he describes as captive people, the Soviet Union leaders, whom he directly addresses and even quotes, and Fidel Castro of course (Kennedy). As noted above, the cultural, socio-political context is important to understand the seriousness of this crisis and
This is evident in the following extract: “Batista’s domain could be conquered by an angry, though wealthy young man, whose first putsch against the island on December 1, 1956, left him with only twelve of the original force of 93 men”. The Guardian uses this statistic to show his inability to protect those under his control. Insinuating that, if he is unable to protect his troops in battle it is definite that he will be unable to protect an entire country. Additionally, the following excerpt evidences that Castro has manipulated Cuban society, whilst “hiding in the scrub hills of Oriente Province.” This description tells the reader that Fidel Castro wasn’t serving in the best interest of the country. In fact, he was doing the opposite.