Meiofaunal communities tend to be found in areas of high wave action, but can be found in both areas. They occur below the sand surface and are generally found further up the shore, towards the high tide mark. Wave action is very important to sandy beaches and along with other processes, help give structure to the sandy beach
When strong or moderate solar insolation occurs around the noon of summer, this stability is seen. The wind velocity will be < 3m/s. Temperature falls at more than 1.9ᵒc per 100m rise of altitude. It is highly desirable condition as the pollutants are made to drift away from the stack, emitting them and dispersed and diluted over a longer height of infinite atmosphere. However its duration is much short lived, spreading for about 1 to 1 1/2 hour on either side of noon in summer.
• For annual rainfall predictions, the log Pearson type III was found to be the best fit PDF as suggested by the results of the three of the goodness of fit tests viz. chi square test, NSE and RE. • The average weekly rainfall data showed that 26th week has experienced the highest rainfall of about 229 mm and the minimum rainfall of 3.3 mm was received during the 33rd week. • The weekly values indicated that out of 52 weeks, 42 weeks have received rainfall of more than 21 mm (considering the crop water demand of 3 mm per day) whereas the remaining 10 weeks have received less than 21 mm of rainfall. • Weekly rainfall pattern over the 5-year interval showed that the onset of the monsoon was usually in the 2nd standard week (June 8) and withdrawal was in the 30th week (December 27).
The basic physicochemical properties of tender coconut water were analyzed and represented in Table-1. The results reveals the average volume of tender coconut water to be 188.61ml (ranging from 156.62ml to 220.6 ml) per tender coconut, which is lower than reported earlier (Santoso, Umar; Kubo et al. 1996; Campbell-Falck, D Thomas, T Falck et al. 2000; Awua et al. 2011).
Beaches with slopes of 1:15 to 1:30 are beaches with moderate gradient. Plunging breakers are less common on these beaches. Spilling breakers occur most frequently. The probability of each type of breaker depends on the topography of the beach and the type of waves that exist. If a bar exists, plunging breakers may occur at low tide and become spilling at high tide.
It is specifically perched in the middle of Mombasa Island which then extends some of its hemisphere in Kenya's mainland. The creeks of Port Reitz and Tudor borders Mombasa on the southern edge and northern tip respectively. Dubbed to be Kenya's second largest city, the area is currently being resided by a whopping 1.3 million in populace and scopes a vast land area of 114-square miles. Climate (3) With its primary location within the African continent, Mombasa is under the tropical wet and dry climate as according to expert climate classifications. Rainfall is not much of an observance in this town with May being the rainiest month in a record of 14 precipitation days.
It is an extensive analysis that has led to an important classification of beaches that is applied worldwide for decades (Davis & Fitzgerald, 2004). Median size diameter (D50) and swash slope are among the key parameters taken into consideration in order to classify the beach state (Carter, 1988; Short, 1999). From the data gain of both parameters however, only swash slope gives a strong effectiveness of morphodynamic classifying for the visual classification of Wright & Short (1984). The classified beach types are presented in Table 7.6. It could be generally defined that the beaches along the Pahang coastal region are classified as an intermediate and dissipative state.
However, due to the use of hard measures, downstream of the measures the erosion has UROSION Case Study 21 increased. In between the towns with a fixed coastline, bays seem to be developing due to this erosion. The sea defences seem to be creating artificial headlands because erosion on both sides continues. As time progresses this could mean that the headlands (towns) become more and more exposed to the force of the waves, while the coast in between the headlands will erode more and more until a stable bay is
December-January period usually comprises of regular rainfall with the temperatures dropping below 0 in most areas of Punjab, KPK, Balochistan and the northern areas including Azad Kashmir. What’s more astonishing is that snowfall has also been scarce in the northern areas of Pakistan. Temperatures in Islamabad haven’t dropped below 5 degrees Celsius. Similarly, the difference between maximum and minimum temperatures in Pakistan has been higher than usual. For example, in Lahore, the temperature difference has been about 13 degrees Celsius this winter compared to 7 degrees Celsius last year.
The SO-24 reduced significantly to 253.2 mg/l in 2nd reactor as shown in figure (7), While the effluent value from 1st and 3rd reactors was 200 mg/l and 130 mg/l. The removal efficiency of SO-24 in the 2nd reactor was 79%. The initial value of PO-34 in 3rd reactor was 24.9 mg/l and the effluent was 15.2 mg/l. the 3rd reactor removed the PO-34 efficiently with a removal efficiency of 64.3% as shown in figure (8). The decline in phosphate concentration may due to the phosphate assimilation by