Imagine an array of musicians (a saxophonist, trumpeter, bassist and drummer) passionately playing a symphony of music—with an apoplectic intensity and at a bone-rattling volume. This is jazz. Jazz has an identifiable history and distinct stylistic evolution. Jazz grew up alongside the blues and popular music, but what changed the way of music in America was still jazz. From the 1920 's through the late 1950 's jazz was formed from the heart and soul of African American.
Miles Davis arrived on the New York jazz scene in 1944 around the same time that a jazz revolution was beginning. The style bop or bebop was a direct attack against big bands, racial in equality, and restrictive sound of the current style of jazz of the time. Davis contributed a major role in the revolution not as a founding father but as a large portion of the change itself working with people such as Charlie Parker and Cannon Ball Coleman. He learned the intricate language of bebop by imitation, by playing with others who had experience in the style and learned from them. His work with Parker quintet augmented his skills that consisted of melodic lines and rhythms which he played at immense speeds.
Duke Ellington was a musician active during the Harlem Renaissance. In the 1920s, Ellington moved to Harlem and started to play shows at The Cotton Club. Though he mainly focused on jazz, Ellington 's music spanned many genres, including blues, gospel, and classical. During his 50-year career Ellington composed over a thousand pieces and was a widespread influence on jazz music. Duke Ellington represents the Harlem Renaissance theme of pride.
Jazz became very popular and by the turn of the century New Orleans was flourishing not just as a ocean and stream port but additionally as a noteworthy entertainment city. While New Orleans was blooming from its foundation of jazz, Influential Jazz musicians were just being born. One famous person who had an enormous impact on jazz music was Louis Armstrong. Born in 1901 and quickly becoming a leader of the jazz movement as he was known as an “all star virtuoso”. Louis Armstrong was nicknamed “Satchmo” because of a greeting he received while traveling and this named followed him forever.
According to “ Louis Armstrong” by DISCovering Biography it states "You can't play a note on the horn that Louis hasn't already played," said Miles Davis.” You might think that people before Armstrong have done this. That may be true but Armstrong is famous for it. In the article “Armstrong Louis” it states, “ A famous innovator, Armstrong was a major influence on the melodic development of jazz in the 1920s; because of him solo performance attained a position of great importance in jazz.” Armstrong revolutionized the way we think of jazz. He made solos a thing. He showed the community what he could do.
Jazz music led to greater integration of African Americans and whites not only in terms of society, but in the industry as well. A jazz musician, Buster Bailey, recognized this and said "One thing I'm happy to see is the integration among musicians". Whites had been able to perform in several predominantly black bands which was something that was never done before (Zola). Along with mixture of whites into the black society in the form of performing, whites also spent a night going uptown to Harlem and enjoying some jazz music in bars and clubs that used to be limited only to African Americans. Whites and African Americans were able to intermingle at jazz clubs in ways that were illegal in other states (Booke).
The Cotton Club Harlem was a vibrant community filed with culture and in the 1920 's was the Harlem renaissance. The Harlem renaissance was a African American movement that enlightened music, literature and many more things(Pietrusza, David). African American used this to bring a style to there appeal like jazz, but also was a movement to use there talents to fight for equal rights and equality. The cotton club was in the middle of the this cultural movement in which they saw that there was profit to make. As the cotton club soon began to became a well known club it started to attract many white clients who were looking for a good time.
The term ‘Jazz Age’ was used by many who saw African American music, especially the blues and jazz, as the defining features of the Harlem Renaissance.” (Wintz 2015) No part of the Harlem Renaissance molded America and the whole world as much as jazz. Jazz ridiculed numerous melodic traditions with its syncopated rhythms and ad libbed instrumental performances. When seen as a melodic theater and diversion, The Harlem Renaissance all began three years before when Shuffle Along opened at the 63rd Street Musical Hall. Shuffle Along was a melodic play composed by a couple of veteran Vaudeville acts—entertainers Flournoy Miller and Aubrey Lyles, and writers/artists Eubie Blake and Noble Sissle. “In the process, it introduced white New Yorkers to to black music, theatre and entertainment and helped generated the white fascination with Harlem and the African American arts that was so much a part of the Harlem Renaissance.
“Even before Jazz, for most New Orleanians, music was not a luxury as it often is elsewhere - it was a necessity” (“A New Orleans Jazz History, 1895 - 1927”). Without music, New Orleans’ culture would not be the same as it is today. Jazz was not only an immense part of culture in New Orleans, but in the rest of the United States as well. Eventually, Jazz even diffused across the oceans, where different cultures gave their own twist to Jazz. A large factor to many individual cultures, Jazz widely influenced the youth on what they are and what they could be.
Charles Joseph “Buddy” Bolden is considered the father of jazz music. His specialty is the cornet which he played in his band that was discovered as the first group to play jazz music. The rhythm from his talent inspired the perfect sound to dance to. Though his music entertained crowds of people, a recording of Bolden’s ability was never created. It is only up to the imagination of what he really sounded like.
*Jazz music is significant in America because it progressed in many ways. Although, blacks struggled to survive and were economic decline, the development in wealth of pop and rock, there have been many opportunities for the survival of jazz. Jazz has always been important and a part of the American culture. *Jazz music became the platform of nearly all rythmic music and made impact on classic music. Jazz music has spread around the world.
America brought forth the music class, jazz, yet Paris was the first to hail it as a craftsmanship. War-weary and hungry for diversion, the citizens in the 1920s and 1930s embraced this new musical form. Performers such as outcast creators, cutting edge experts, flappers, and socialites focalized on the clubs and men 's clubs where jazz ruled. As jazz advanced, it got to be connected with current developments in expressions of the human experience and acclaimed as the sound of the twentieth century. Paris respected the United States infantry groups that played all through Europe amid World War I.
So instead of chords, which are vertical, it requires scales, which are horizontal, to make it sound appealing. This method also makes the artist rely on things such as melody, rhythm, and emotion which give the song an entirely different sound. Miles Davis also was at the forefront of this style of jazz in the late 1950’s to early 1960’s. His song Milestones and even more so his album called Kind of Blue are excellent examples of the use of modal jazz and this work heavily influenced other jazz musicians of the era. In the 1960’s John Coltrane explored this style in his work with the pianist McCoy Tyner.