birds, shrews, hedgehogs and predatory ground beetles. There is also a biological control in the form of a nematode available. There is also a chemical available called “chlorpyferous” which gives protection against the grubs. 2. Honey Fungus: You can use resistant varieties, avoid water logging, shading, drought areas, protect roots from damage, avoid planting at an infected site, infected roots and stumps should be removed.
First, despite being rented to farmers to pollinate certain crops the bees also collected pollen from other crops that were nearby. Second, fungicides were found both in the crop and non-crop pollen that was collected. Third, two fungicides (chlorothalonill and pyraclostrobin), and two miticides (amitraz and fluvinate) used by beekeepers to control varroa infestations, have a profound effect on the bees’ ability to withstand a parasitic infection. Finally, several of the pollen samples contained pesticide loads higher than the median lethal
Lignans are a group of chemicals found in plants. They poyphemolic substances which play antioxidants and antiinflammatory role in human disease. Zinc which is contained in pumpkin seeds have cellular metabolism for normal growth and development during pregnancy, childhood and adolescence. BPH often causes urinary frequency cocturia and decreased quality of life in aging men. By impairing sleep, BPH could even increase risk of CVD,cancer depression and inflammatory disorders.
Capri Fig or Wild Fig - Capri figs are inedible because they harbor blastophaga insects. They produce short-styled pistillate flowers (gall flowers), adopted for oviposition by the blastophaga, the functional male flowers located at the ostiole end with abundant pollen. When the insect emerges through the ostiole of the syconium, after the oviposition in gall flowers, it carries several pollen grains from staminate flowers located near the ostiole. In the group (Capri fig), there are subgroups: Profichi, Mammoni, and Mamme. Profichi is the best pollinizer.
Honey bees are therefore essential for biodiversity conservation, crop production and human welfare1,2. However, multiple factors, including diseases, parasites, habitat loss, and pesticides impair honey bee health3. As agricultural pollinators, honey bees are routinely exposed to a wide variety of pesticides that reduce colony health 4,5(https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-15308-6) Impacts on pollinators Much of the controversy over the use of Thiamethoxam has focussed on their effects on bees. Thiamethoxam are routinely used to dress seeds of oilseed rape, sunflower and maize, and these crops are major forage sources for both managed honeybees and wild pollinators in arable landscapes. Being systemic, small concentrations of Thiamethoxam are found in both pollen and nectar of seed‐treated crops.
Then to 25% and to 12.5% and finally to 6.25% To test its impact on the integrity of the membrane Dependent Variable Change in absorbance Absorbance was measured using colorimeter by taking a sample of ethanol To measure the absorbance of ethanol Controlled Variable Temperature ( 37 Celsius) Use water bath of 37 Celsius temperature. Accuracy Time 1 hour the beetroot cores were put in a distilled water for 10 minutes to make sure all the pigments that are released due to the plasma membrane damage are washed away. Total time for trials is 1 hour. The measurements are taken every 10 minutes. To measure the accurate time when the membrane will break Size and type of the beetroot (size of beetroot) Used the same beetroot for the entire experiment.
Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) optimization was invented by Karaboga. ABC is a Swarm Intelligence approach which is being inspired from the foraging behaviour of real time honey bees. Bee Colony Optimization consists of three types of bees namely employed bees, onlooker bees and scout bees. ABC algorithm randomly generates initial population of bees P (I = 0) with their m food source locations throughout the iterations (I =1, 2…Imax) of searching processes of the three types of bees, where m denotes no of onlooker or employed bees which is equal to the food source locations. These food source positions are also called solutions that are having different amount of nectar which is known as the fitness function.
Ginger It is a rhizome characterized by thick, knotted, beige underground stem that sprouts a stem that can reach up to 12 inches. Ginger is commonly used to treat headaches, colds, nausea, motion sickness and morning sickness. It is effective as an infusion, decoction or tincture. In some cases it is used in poultice form and applied on the stomach to relieve gas. Children under two years old should not take ginger preparations and adults' intake should be limited to 4 grams a day.
From some research, they have recently found that water can be an aggregation for the almond moth. Ephestia cautella can cause problem in producing candy and chocolate. In food industry, water possibly useful in aggregation of the other insect that can cause damage to production of food. It will disturb the mating of an insect when water traps in combination with pheromones. It’s also seems to be one of the affective method to control.
(2008) tested efficacy of ten fungicides, viz Aliette, Antracol, Benlate, Cobox, Daconil, Derosal, Dithane, Polyram, Ridomil and Topsin-M, at Tarnab Farm, Peshawar, in 2006 against onion downy mildew caused by Peronospora destructor Berk. Each of the fungicides was sprayed three times at an interval of 10 days following appearance of the disease symptoms. All the fungicides were found to be effective in controlling the disease. Ridomil was the most effective in reducing the disease severity and enhancing yield, followed by Topsin-M, Aliette and Antracol. Sprays with Ridomil also resulted in the least number of dead plants, greatest plant height, most abundant leaves per plant, and largest number and weight of medium, large and total