The orchestra used for the premiere of Symphony No. 9 was the largest orchestra assembled for any of Beethoven’s works and this made the masterpiece even more majestic and a force to be reckoned with. The instrumentation used for Symphony No. 9 included: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in A, 2 clarinets in B-flat, 2 clarinets in C, 2 bassoons, 2 Horns (1 and 2) in D and B-flat, 2 Horns (3 and 4) in B-flat (bass), B-flat and E-flat, 2 Trumpets in D and B-flat, 3 Trombones (alto, tenor, and bass; second and fourth movements only), violins I, II, viola, cello and double bass. Beethoven included the piccolo, contrabassoon, bass drum, triangle, cymbals, soprano solo, alto solo, tenor solo, baritone solo and soprano, alto, tenor and bass (SATB) choir
Like stated above, his exact reason for deafness is not known. Beethoven himself had said to a close friend, in a journal excerpt, that the reason for his deafness was an illness that started with the belly. "The cause of this must be the condition of my belly which as you know has always been wretched and has been getting worse, since I am always troubled with diarrhea, which causes extraordinary weakness. Frank wanted to tone up my body by tonic medicines and restore my hearing with almond oil, but prosit, nothing happened, my hearing grew worse and worse, my bowels remained as they had been. This lasted until the autumn of last year and I was often in despair (Prevot, 2001).”
Ludwig van Beethoven was born in December 1770 to a musical family living in Bonn, Germany. Although he and his family celebrated his birthday on 16 December, there is no evidence to suggest that this was his exact date of birth, with only the registry of his baptism on the 17th serving as the commonly accepted birth date of this legendary composer. As a child, Beethoven was musically trained by his father and later by other local musicians. His talent was evident from a young age and, exploited by his father as a child prodigy, he made his first public performance at the age of 7 (he was advertised as being 6) in March 1778.
Before the French took over Vienna, Austria is probably when Beethoven began composing the Emperor. This concerto is considered “regal, imperial even”. This is exactly how Beethoven though of Napoleon, as well as himself. He saw both Napoleon and himself as “equally great, equally commanding”. John Clubbe describes perfectly in his article entitled “The Creative Rivalry with Beethoven and Napoleon” how the piano and interpretations relate back to Napoleon and his opinion of him: “WIth a courage and heroism of soul equal to Napoleon’s and with his chosen instrument, the piano, as protagonist, he would take the field against the Emperor.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, Austria, and died on December 5, 1791, in Vienna. He had composed numerous piano concertos, however, this essay would be discussing the social and historical factors that has influenced Mozart to compose one of his famous piano concertos in C Major, K.467. Mozart had arrived in Vienna in 1781 in search of a better musical platform. The musical life in Vienna during the 1780s was one of the world’s greatest then.
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, an italian composer born in Venice, one of the most renown Baroque composers over in history. Mostly known for his many instrumental concertos composed mainly for the violin. Vivaldi was born on March 4, 1678 to Giovanni Battista Vivaldi and Camilla Calicchio. His father was originally a barber and became a professional violinist. Of the nine children in the family, Vivaldi was the only one who became a musician.
American composer, John Adams, has produced some of modern music’s most successful works. In this paper, we will be focusing on Adams’ On the Transmigration of Souls for orchestra, chorus, and pre-recorded material composed in 2002. This piece is approximately twenty-five minutes long; however, we will be focusing on several excerpts that highlight techniques discussed in Theory IV. These techniques include the characteristics of minimalism, quarter-tone notation, and the use of pre-recorded material.
Ludwig van Beethoven, known worldwide as the most tremendous composer of all time, was born around 16 December 1770 in Bonn, Germany. Despite his correct birth date being undecided, Ludwig was baptized on 17 December 1770. Due to law at the time, babies were baptized within 24 hours, so his most likely birthdate would be 16 December 1770. Beethoven had two younger brothers: Caspar and Johann.
Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany, and studied with his father, who was a singer in the electoral choir. Displaying talent as a pianist at an early age, he was able to study and be mentored by multiple instructors and composers, including Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Franz Joseph Haydn. Although he made his public piano debut in 1800, his growing deafness hindered his public performances. Even with his disability, nothing could stop or discourage Beethoven from doing what he loved and pursuing his passion. He continued to compose music and never looked back.
The Sonata number 11 in B-flat major is an interesting one, because it is the last "Grande Sonate" with the four movement "Grande" sonata form. It is also the culminating point with the past sonatas. This is when Beethoven will close the Sonata in four movement form. Of course there will be the Sonata "The Hunt" (op.31 N.3) which has four movements as well but this is in another context.