Johann Sebastian Bach Violin Sonata in A minor BWV 1003 (1720) Greatest German composer of all time, Johann Sebastian was born in a musical family in Eisenach. He received his musical training from his father Johann Ambrosius and relatives. Besides being a highly respected organist, Bach’s compositions were also greatly recognized and became the musical model for other famed composers after his time such as Mozart, Beethoven and Mendelssohn. The Sonata in A minor is one of the works in Bach’s six unaccompanied violin sonatas and partitas. His sonata has 4 movements and all organized in slow-fast-slow-fast order.
Shortly after George Gershwin’s premier of his iconic Rhapsody in Blue in 1924, a conductor named Walter Damrosch commissioned Gershwin to write a piano concerto that was based on a Classical concerto with orchestration. Like it’s rhapsodic cousin, this piece is a unique fusion of Classical and Jazz styles and is great fun to both play and listen to. Like the traditional concerto model from the 18th Century, this concerto was written in three movements in this order: fast, slow, fast. Another flashback to the past that is unconventionally evident in this concerto is “organicism,” which in music, means that all of the movements of a piece are thematically related. Typically, in the Classical tradition, those recurring motifs
The first movement was generally referred to as “allegro”, the second movement “andante”, and the third and last movement was generally a dance e.g. minuet or a gigue. Giovanni Battista Sammartini, a prominent composer of early symphony, used an earlier version of Sonata-form in his first
It is believed that Antoinette started teaching him music lessons before entered the Paris Conservatoire in 1872. When he was first there, he wanted to study to become a solo pianist. He was unable to achieve this, so he began studying harmony and he did much better in this than his original focus. He would later become known for his unusual treatment of harmony.
“Not only was he a gifted instrumentalist and composer, he also had a fantastic singing voice” (145). In fact, before he was seven years old left his father’s house in order to hone in his gifts and really get established in his musical education. Though immensely talented, Haydn’ struggled a little during his early life, having ups and downs, taking odd jobs and receiving little recognition and pay.
Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770 – 1727) Beethoven was an eminent German composer and pianist who is one of the most iconic figures in the history of Western Culture. Amongst other works, Beethoven wrote a great deal of keyboard and orchestral music, including 32 piano sonatas and 9 symphonies. In his so-called “middle-period” Beethoven composed his only opera (Fidelio). Music emerging from Beethoven’s “early period” is written in a predominantly classical idiom. In this period, the composer was attempting to thoroughly comprehend the musical procedures utilized by Mozart and his contemporaries.
And although, this was the last piece of the night, I wanted that moment to last a little bit longer. Furthermore, I liked all of the pieces on the program, but the one that I liked secondly aside from the Waltz of the Flowers piece was the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy piece. As soon as the orchestra started playing the song I immediately got excited because I had just learned about the celesta in class and I have always wondered what instrument made that unforgettable
However, the clarinet in A, just a semitone lower, is commonly used in orchestral music. Since the middle of the 19th century the bass clarinet (nowadays invariably in B♭ but with extra keys to extend the register down a few notes) has become an essential addition to the orchestra. The clarinet family ranges from the (extremely rare) BBB♭ octo-contrabass to the A♭ piccolo clarinet. The clarinet has proved to be an exceptionally flexible instrument, equally at home in the classical repertoire as in concert bands, military bands, marching bands, klezmer, and
2 in D Major TWV 40:120 Spirituoso composed by G.P Telemann. You can definitely tell that this piece was composed in the baroque era. You can hear the elaborated musical ornamentation throughout the piece and the canon technique of both flutes in a major scale. The sound of this piece sounds jolly and yet adventurous with its steady consonant tempo and trills. This by far was one of the shortest pieces that I heard throughout the evening and yet