Compare And Contrast The Three Learning Theories

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SHALINI SHARICE MOODLEY 18011760 B.ED INTERMEDIATE PHASE
TIMA 5111
MRS AMRITHA BRIJKUMAR

1. The theory of learning : Learning is the gain of skills or knowledge. Learning is a active process. It builds on prior knowledge (teaching.berkeley.edu 2016). There are three learning theories ; behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivism. Behaviorism is a learning theory that focuses on observable behavior patterns. There are two types of biology classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is a response to a stimuli. Operant conditioning is the response before the stimuli is presented. Cognitivism is a learning theory that focuses on the human thought process and are in response to behaviorism. Last but not least is constructivism it is the theory of how people learn(slideshare.net 2011)
1.1.2 Theory of development: Development means to improve or better something and is sometimes a series of stages. Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development state that the child’s development is related to age. Sensorimotor stage (0-2 years) explains the that the child is only being to gain understanding of things and has no prior knowledge but is born with a predisposition to acquire knowledge and understanding. stage (2-7years) a basic understanding is formed and development of identity. Concrete operational a much more complex understanding of knowledge
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