Behavioristic Theory: The Structure Model Of Personality

2309 Words10 Pages
Personality is defined as “consistent behavior patterns and interpersonal process originating within individual” (Burger 2008). People behave in consistent patterns according to the time and the situation that individuals live in and behaviors are affected by interpersonal process such as cognitive, intellectual and motivational factors born within the individuals. At the ancient period Hippocrates (400B.C), Plato, Theophrastus proposed theories about personality types such as theory of four humours. The modern six perspectives of personality are the psychodynamic perspective, the neo- psychoanalytic perspective, the behaviourist perspective, type theories of personality, the humanistic perspective, the biological approach and trait theories.…show more content…
Furthermore, Freud proposed the structure model of personality by dividing the personality into three sections: The id, the ego, the super ego. The only personality model individuals are born with is the id. The id is seeking pleasure (pleasure principle) and always tries to fulfil own selfish needs and does not aware about the real world and boosts sexual and aggressive desires, on the other hand, uses “wish fulfilment” to satisfy the needs when the needs are not satisfied. For an example a picture of a food can be used to temporally satisfy a baby who cries for food. Unsatisfied id in the childhood can be led to personality problems in the adult life. According to Freud, the id belongs to the hidden unconscious of the iceberg structure. The ego follows the reality principle and deals with the reality in the outer world to satisfy the id’s needs and reduce the tension. The ego develops between age 1 -2 in an infant. The ego can enter the conscious, the preconscious and the unconscious and when the id seeks for socially unacceptable needs, the ego hides that desires in the unconscious. The super ego develops at the age of 5, and follows the values and norms learnt from the society and the adults through reinforcement and punishments. At this stage the individual is aware about the guilt, shame and anxiety. Instincts (drives) are the psychological energy which motives the human behavior internally. The two human instincts are Libido and Thanatos. The Libido is life instincts such as sex and hungry. The Thanatos is the aggressive or death instincts (unconscious wish about the death) and death instincts represent to the world as aggression. Freud believed that over occupied psychic energy at one psychological function, reduce the efficiency of other psychological processes and

More about Behavioristic Theory: The Structure Model Of Personality

Open Document