Behaviourism Theory

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Discuss the development of learning theories from behaviorism to humanism. Choose one of the learning theories that you are drawn to and discuss the reasons for you choice.

Learning theory is the process of how is the information been engaged, practice and grow during learning. Learning is defined as the alteration in behavior, in other words, learning is approached as an outcome from the end of some process of the product. Educators who hold the cognitive theory accept as true that the definition is a change of behavior is too constricted. There are four learning theories that been proposed by the psychologist. Its all having own reason and strongly believed in their theory. The four theories that been proposed such as behaviorism,
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This was noticed by Ivan Pavlov who views through a dog which will produce saliva by listening to the bell even no smell of food. Pavlov studies and believed that human also will behave the same as what been studied through a dog.
Operant conditioning cited by B. F Skinner, which is the reinforcement of the behavior by giving a reward or punishment. B.F Skinner believed that by giving a reward, it will increase the chances of behavior inveterate unlike the punishment will decrease it.
Observable for external behavior can be measured but an internal event like thinking must be explained through behavioral terms or eliminated altogether. For the psychologist, there is some difference take place between human and animal. However, research can be carried out on animals as well as humans. Behavior is the result of stimulus-response. For example, all behavior even how complex it is, it can be reduced to a simple stimulus
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Base on analysis, that skill the most important observable fact in the study of human learning and behavior, Maslow creates a theory of learning. Maslow placed the accent on choice, inspiration, principles, self-realization, and characteristically human character and subjectively was more significant than objectively. Development of human potential, dignity, and worth are ultimate concern for Maslow.
Maslow disagreed with behaviorist theory. Maslow seen and value human nature with goodness, nobility and reason unlike some theory views of human nature were negative
One of the famous proposals of Maslow is human motivation which is base on the hierarchy of needs. It contains level of human needs started from lowest such as physiological and survival needs, follow by belonging and love, self-esteem, and self-actualization.
From Maslow perspective, the interested to learn is intrinsic. One of the purposes of learning is to express about self-actualization and educators should include this process as a goal.
Theory of learning by Maslow’s highlighted the differences between experiential knowledge and spectator knowledge. For Maslow, spectator knowledge is to be inferior of
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