The lesson wheel is also focused on the learner by means of the SMART task that is formulated according to the ability and proficiency of the learners. In the process of planning a lesson with help of the lesson wheel, the learners’ strengths and weaknesses are taken into consideration. On account of learners constructing their own meaning of information, the information that they have to deal with should interest them. The pertinent question is the part of the lesson wheel that grasps the learners’ interest and therefore it is possible for them to construct meaning from the lesson. Vygotsky introduced the concept of the More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) (2016:61) and hence learners do not necessarily have to gain knowledge from the teacher.
It also encourages the cognitive apprentice approach where reflective practices of learner (learner-self interaction) and the interaction between the learner and the facilitator are crucial, similar to my personal lens. The function of context is another aspect of my personal lens aligns with the established theory where contextual learning is the key. Using authentic contextual experiences that are decided by learners drive the learning experiences in my kind of classroom. Finally, with regards to the role of facilitators, both views support that educators should provide guidance from reliance to gradually move to independent
Wright outlines a fair discussion about critical thinking intending to guide the teacher to help children to ‘think through situations where the answer is in doubt’ (2002, p.9). Throughout this chapter Wright pioneers critical thinking has a ‘practical value’ for social education, that it could help children grasp subject content in a profound and meaningful way. Examples of how to teach critical thinking are included throughout this chapter however, the lessons overlook other views of critical thinking as a process of developing skills and sub-skills. Wright (2011) generalises that critical thinking involves questioning from the higher end of the cognitive domain according to Blooms Taxonomy; ‘analyses, synthesis and evaluation’ (2002, p51). Meanwhile, Facione (2011, p. 6), who also supports critical thinking for social education, suggests skills such as: interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation and self-regulation are developed as a process when teaching critical thinking.
The cone charts the average retention rate for various methods of teaching. The further you progress down the cone, the greater the learning and the more information is likely to be retained. It also suggests that when choosing an instructional method it is important to remember that involving students in the process strengthen knowledge retention. Dale suggests that instructors should design instructional activities that build upon more real-life
It’s also important to remember that intrinsic motivation aids students’ learning and that the quality of classroom interaction matters a great deal. According to Deci and Ryan (1985), intrinsic motivation is linked to elementary human needs for proficiency, independence, and understanding. Innately motivated deeds are those that the apprentice engages in for their own welfare due to their significance, awareness, and challenge. Such activities present the greatest promising chances for knowledge. Learning is the result of motivation which at the same time is the product of one of these needs or a combination of them.
Unfortunately, ﬁndings from classroom assessment research has revealed a gap between the recommended and the actual assessment practices regardless of teachers’ gender and teaching experience (Alsarimi, 2000). Brookhart (2001) stated that “grading theory and practices will be better connected once the role of classroom assessment and grading practices in student achievement motivation and, it seems reasonable to argue that to be able to understand and make sense out of the gap between assessment experts’ recommendations and teachers’ assessment practices, it is important to ﬁnd out the possible effects of these practices on students’ achievement goals as one aspect of student motivation for learning. Improved tests can still be improved further
ABSTRACT This paper is introducing a cross sectional point of view by applying managerial theories of McGregor’s Theory X & Y as well as Principle of Compatibility to access students’ academic performance. Deriving from several theoretical supports, students’ academic performance is caused intrinsically by compatibility between their attitudes and behavior towards their learnings. Whereby, rather than measuring students’ personal traits, educators should take efforts to assess students’ learning attitudes so that their adequate learning behavior would be expected. Hence this paper is calling for attention from practitioners to engage in understanding the need to access students’ attitude towards learning. The significance of this paper is to
(What are the philosophical foundations of American education pg.302) Consequently, in the process of approaching solution, students will naturally ask questions and earn knowledge. I agree with John Dewey that “schools should teach children not what to think but how to think”. (What are the philosophical foundations of American education pg.303). As mentioned above, it is a teacher’s obligation to be a good facilitator to guide their students to thoroughly think about the question and finally approach the answer by themselves. I should be able to provide them resources but not directly tell them the answer.
Self-regulated learning is in parallel with constructivist view of learning and teaching in that it puts learner at the epicenter of learning and construction of knowledge and, hence, it merits more heed in contemporary education. Constructivism underscores the importance of individual self in building meaning (Vygotsky, 1978). Learners act as an umpire of feeding inlet of knowledge to
Errors are an inseparable part of language learning. There are various causes for learners in committing errors. Correct feedback techniques adopted can prevent the learners’ error. “Teachers should realize that correction of errors is a very delicate task, and if it is not done in an appropriate way it will do more harm than good as it may cause embarrassment and frustration for the learner”(Hejazi 620). This paper is an attempt to analyze errors and the act of dealing with errors among L2 learners.