Pedagogical documentation is an ongoing process for educators to facilitate, grow and improve the children’s development. It is including a few steps of collecting data, analyses data, reflect on how children’s learning takes place, plan to enhance their learning and take into account of the relevant learning theory. Pedagogical document is a tool to explore children’s everyday experiences and make it visible about the nature of the learning process to other child, teacher and adult (Fleet et.al, 2011). The practitioner believes that the philosophy play is an important tool to facilitate children’s development. Play offers opportunities for children to participate in a group to learn different social skills such as sharing, turn taking, negotiating
Piagets theory is based on the logic that adaptation must take place for a child to learn and the processes that allows such adaptation to happen is assimilation and accommodation. Both processes work together simultaneously. .He believed that for learning to take place a child has to adapt to his environment and knowledge is constructed and manipulated within a child. He also believed that peer interactions with children of similar intellectual level was of great importance because it opens the child to alternative perspectives and gives them the opportunity to discuss new ideas, information and knowledge.
By incorporating Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories into teaching strategies in early childhood classrooms, student learning is likely to increase. While Piaget and Vygotsky 's theories offer insight into Developmentally Appropriate Practice in the classroom, other theorists such as Dewey and Bandura offer even more supporting evidence for DAP. John Dewey was a pragmatist. Pragmatists believe that reality must be experienced, and so forth believed that human beings learn through a
Psychodynamic Theorists also believe that children go through qualitatively distinct stages in their development. In my classroom, how I could apply this theory is by engaging the child on who they think they are, and how it will affect their future. Identity plays a major role in this theory, by engaging the child on who they think they are, I feel I will be able to assess their ability to learn. The humanistic theory
I believe that all children are individuals, unique in their abilities, from a wide diversity of backgrounds and cultures, and they also have the right to be treated with dignity and respect. Educators are observers and designers who have to observe children’s abilities, interests and learning styles for designing a curriculum that fulfill everyone’s needs. Observers also play an important role on noticing individual differences and offering help to children who have lower ability to improve
‘Constructivist’ theory of learning is considered to be the main developmental theories of learning currently working in the area of special educational needs. Constructivism is ‘child-centred development’. It is an active and building process, where learners use what they already know to learn new things, and infer new knowledge based on their interaction with new experiences outside themselves, using information and ideas from within themselves, or already obtained. In other words, knowledge is considered to be socially constructed because it is obtained in partnership between new experiences and knowledge already acquired. Constructivism is useful for understanding the way in which a child may progress educationally, which is important
Esme Codell is a fifth grade teacher at a brand new public school in Iowa. Codell is a stellar example in applying different theories to classroom practices. She applies all of the learning theories in her classroom daily. To start, Codell applies the behavioral learning theories three different principles in her classroom.
This shapes and argument because it provides an experiment with children with learning disabilities and without and provides data on how they interact with each other. This source can be used to pull data from and also to explain how to help the teachers better cope with the children and make it an ideal learning environment for all children. Barrett, Courtenay A., et al. " Training School Psychologists to Identify Specific Learning Disabilities:
Competency 1 As a teacher, I understand this competency to mean that I must be aware of human development processes, and use this information to plan instruction and continue valuation that will inspire students and cater to their individual developmental and needs. I will need to know normal stages of cognitive, social, physical, and emotional development from early childhood through the completion of twelfth-grade. Being a teacher, I will need to identify developmental differences that characterize students and consider developmental variation for instructional planning, along with effective learning experiences and assessments. I must understand how physical changes, along with social and emotional changes can disturb a student’s progress
Understanding the rationales of cognitive perspective helps an individual to interact with children in a better way. It is very important for a child to develop a proper cognitive ability from a young age. By understanding the rationales of cognitive development, one is able to know what to expose the children to as they develop. Also, one knows how to advise the parents of the children on the various methods of handling their children. Once one acquires this skills they are able to distinguish the different types of children and know exactly how to handle each of them.
Hilary Jo Seitz suggests that teachers can identify and learn about children’s interests, experiences, questions, comments and conversations. Then help, extend and encourage them to follow their interests. After that, construct a plan for an effective learning experience that are connected deeply to their interests. Teachers initiate this process through their observation first, then documentation. The documentation could be presented through children’s conversation, photos and work samples.
Students in a classroom need to have a set time to be able to go outdoors. As a future teacher, I plan to incorporate nature inside and outside the classroom. For example; in the classroom one can accomplish the walls to have trees, and the ceiling as the sky, and the floor as the ground. There are many ways to include nature inside the classroom for students to be able to learn and to communicate. In the book, “Last Child in the Woods” talks about researches “demonstrating on children how they have the ability to selected where they want to play through natural settings” (Louv, 89).
Developmentally appropriate practice implies that educationalists need to consider first about what young children are like and then create an environment and experiences that are attuned to child’s characteristics. According to children’s needs and interests, teachers apply their knowledge about the child development to design a program to fit them and help them accomplish challenging and attainable purposes. There are five key components of developmentally appropriate practice. Firstly, we should create a caring community of learners. Secondly, teaching has to enhance development and learning.