The Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation where ninety percent of black Americans lived. This gave black people hope for a new better life in the Northern states where those laws weren’t enforced. This renaissance was a cultural party that helped expose black writers, musicians, poets, artists, etc. This changed the culture forever and the talent started to spillover within the black community. Art was pushed to its limits and was a form of a statement and representation.
Roosevelt. The executive order that it enforced was executive order 8802 which prohibited discrimination within the defense industry. This order was created in response to outrage by African American leaders at the fact that African Americans, who were fighting, like anybody else, were forced into segregated units and still faced discrimination upon returning home. The defense industry refused to cooperate with the FEPC up until 1943 when FDR had the budget of the committee increased and replaced part time staff with full time staff around the country. The committee succeeded in allowing African Americans to assist in the war effort, but was dissolved in 1946 by a mostly southern led congress.
Post-racial America is a myth. The colorblind/post-racial theory that race no longer matters in America’s society and that the rights and racial order (mainly whites-blacks) of America in post-Civil Rights era just falls short of the truth. Up until 1964, the Jim Crow laws were state and local laws implementing racial segregation in Southern America. Both whites and African-Americans lived under the “separate but equal” status for black citizens and racism was the norm. July 2nd, 1964 brought the end of Jim Crow laws and introduced the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which became a landmark in America’s history by enforcing the civil rights of all citizens and outlawing discrimination based on one’s race, religion, sex, or color.
African American after the Civil War enjoyed many privileges that their predecessors could only dream of. They could vote, hold office and attend school. New Orleans, Louisiana, was one of the more integrated cities in the South. It desegregated its streetcars in 1867, began experimenting with integrated public schools in 1869, legalized interracial marriage between 1868 and 1896, elected a total of 32 black state senators and 95 state representatives, and had integrated juries, public boards, and police departments. But after the war things began to get good for African American, and the south thought they needed to do something, after war, which severely limited the rights of black and segregated African American from White American.
Yet Caucasian colleges were still getting more state funding. I would have thought after the civil war colleges would be prompted to bring together all races and have more funding. Another Surprising finding was about the Alabama Tuskegee Institute. I found it interesting that they taught African-American men how to save their money, what to buy what they can live without
Black mayors started governing many of our largest cities. In addition to political advantages, many Blacks have also achieved significant economic and social gains. Due to affirmative action, laws prohibiting discrimination in employment, and greater access to higher education, a growing number of blacks have obtained professional and managerial jobs and entered the middle class. The former walls of segregation have fallen in employment, housing, education, and many other areas of American life. Does this mean that there is no more racism in the country?
But because of housing tensions many African Americans had to create their own homes within cities. And because of this it resulted in the growth of a new urban culture. An example in New York City was Harlem, which was formerly an all-white neighborhood. By the 1920s New York City housed about 200,000 African Americans. Many new migrants found jobs where the working conditions were outrageous
The Reconstruction left behind good results as splendid and failure. And one splendid part that made the Reconstruction was that the federal government outlawed slavery with the 13th Amendment, gave citizenship and stated to protect all Americans with the 14th Amendment. As to Freedman’s Bureau and the Civil Rights Act, gave African Americans the opportunity to take part equally in society. Black men could now participate as governors and senators. Furthermore, many African Americans became involved in government that worked for all the equal rights and worked on making schools, railroads, houses, and many more things.
Black leaders gathered in the nation’s capitol in the summer of 1965 to witness President Johnson signing the historic legislation, armed with fresh guarantees of the franchise. This affirmed its special significance. The Immigration and Nationality Act allowed people of African descent from all over the world to enter a nation from which nearly all had been excluded for almost two centuries. The acts changed America into a new country and to an African America. After the Civil Rights Act had been signed, black men and women, refusing to be intimidated by legal
Rosa Parks The Civil Right Movement was the African-American way of fighting for equality to the whites and it was supposed to be a nonviolent way to protest. Khan academy stated that “After the Civil War, during the period known as Reconstruction, the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments established a legal foundation for the political equality of African Americans. Despite the abolition of slavery and legal gains for African Americans, racial segregation known as Jim Crow arose in the South”. Jim Crow law meant that African American could not be at the same place as the white people. Even after slavery was over people of colored were still being treated unequal to the white people, they did not have the same benefits and rights that the white people had.