ISLLC Standard 2.A. states principals should create a culture of collaboration and trust. If the Speech and Language Pathologist (SLP) felt pressured to take on additional duties, then she is not going to develop a trusting relationship with the administration. ISLLC Standard 2.C. states principals should ensure a personalized and motivating learning environment for students.
These obstructions to effective instructional practices take the form of institutional programming, such as tracking, and as personal opinions, such as lack of cultural understanding. Research supports the belief that the effectiveness of a teacher, the attitude of a teacher, and the verbal and nonverbal expectations of a teacher are instrumental in tearing down barriers that interfere with effective instruction. Identifying and addressing ineffective practices (barriers) that limit or encumber student achievement is crucial in successfully educating minority youths. According to the ASCD Advisory Panel on Improving Student Achievement (Cole 1995), examples of barriers include: Tracking; Low
Evaluators need to remember there is a correlation between intelligence and the adaptability of a student. In addition, adaptive behavior assists in measuring the skills of a student while preventing cultural and other biases from impacting the results. This is important because when making decisions for a student, accurate information needs to be used so that an impartial decision is made. Finally, a student that scores below the average range on intelligence tests, but is able to function at the same level as their peers socially should not be placed in a special education classroom. In this case, adaptive behaviors of a student is an important factor in their
Los Angeles has become a major port of various racial ethnicities and cultures. With Los Angeles’ space, ethnic groups have contained themselves into distinct areas. The areas gain a certain reputation depending on who lives there and what happens in the area. In Greg Hise’s article “Border City: Race and Social Distance in Los Angeles,” he explores race and social relations based on geographic space and maps. He describes Los Angeles as a “border city” and “the future of urban culture,” (Hise 545).
Principal office Win-Win Discipline A discipline model created by Dr.Spencer Kagan. This discipline model focuses on handling "discipline problems at the moment of the disruption" (Kagan, 2002). There are a variety of reasons why a student misbehaves, "win-win discipline provides a teacher with different strategies to respond to the different students positions" (Kagan, 2002).T " I want teachers to learn that they have to take charge, explain their expectations, be positive with students, and consistently employ both positive reinforcement and negative consequences. These are the skills that form the basis of Assertive Discipline and of any effective program of classroom management" (Canter, n.d.). Example 2: Procedure When a student enters a classroom... Hi Amy, that was a great game y 'all played last night.
Also, according to Gentile and Imberman, “uniforms provide an additional tool that administrators and teachers can use for discipline by providing students with rewards of “uniform-free” days for good behaviour,” (Gentile 3) an ingenious approach to further discipline students. Second, uniforms affect a student’s sense of self, a person’s view of himself/herself. They affect a student’s self-esteem and consequently their educational performance. Role theory is a hypothesis on how uniforms help students are able to better internalize their identity as a student: “Role theory is related to the use of appearance in the pattern of attitudes and actions taken by an individual in social situations (Mead, 1934; Sarbin, 1954). The specific role that a person plays at any given moment depends upon the situation and upon the person’s self-concept.
Self-determination theory (SDT) assumes that inherent in human nature is the propensity to be curious about one’s environment and interest in learning and developing one’s knowledge (Niemiec & Ryan, 2009). However, educators introduce external controls into learning climates, which can undermine the sense of relatedness between teachers and students, and stifle the natural, volitional processes involved in high-quality learning (Wroten, 2014). The theory identifies that students are intrinsically motivated to learn and that educators should capitalize on this desire when designing instructions. Further, SDT suggests that teachers can capitalize on internal motivation by supporting student curiosity and their desire for autonomy. If educators can find ways to support autonomous motivation in the delivery of instruction, then optimal learning can be achieved (Niemiec & Ryan, 2009).
ethnicity, socioeconomic, special programs – SpEd, ELL. - Leaders are held responsible for the results and often given some discretion how to resolve the campus issues or how to enhance/enrich the program; promotes leader buy-in and ownership of the problem Weaknesses of accountability to school organization leadership: - Some leaders take the pressure and pass it on negatively to the staff/students; a little pressure can be good but the leader must know when to push, when to encourage and so on in order to keep morale high and the goal attainable - Some leaders don’t know what to do with the data and are not confident enough to ask for help or guidance; thus, they either retreat or they “get out the whip” yet either way there is no direction or team work with the faculty; this is to the detriment of the faculty and students - The accountability system is now so complicated that the typical parent or taxpayer can’t understand it and all the nuances; this can cause a misperception of a school’s performance based on one sub-population that may not have done well because of a few
The student’s behavior can make a large impact on the effectiveness of the class if it is not dealt with by the teacher. The student’s behavior should not be distracting, but if the student is acting out the teacher must correct said behavior. It is more of the teacher’s responsibility to ensure the students behavior is in line with their expectations. If the students are allowed to act out this can be very distracting to an effective classroom environment. They must be aware of their boundaries.