Emerging readers need to develop their oral language through listening and talking skills in social contexts. Oral language can assist with constructing meaning of written words. Oral language is connected to graphophonic cueing systems, which is the connection of sounds to letters on a page (Winch et al., 2018, p. 11). Students need to know the sound words make in order to read. Various strategies can be used in the classroom to work on student’s oral language development.
Reading is a process of constructing meaning. In developing a pedagogy about teaching reading, teachers must be aware of all elements that create a good reader. Teachers can provide the best instruction by delivering a balanced approach to teaching reading. Whilst it is necessary for students to recognise explicit elements of reading such as phonics, students will achieve much more success when also viewing reading from a ‘world view’. Teachers should incorporate a combination of direct instruction and the constructivist approach when teaching reading.
Literacy Literacy is a beneficial acquisition for developing knowledge, gaining information and understanding of how things are and why things happen. According to Dewey, language has always been a medium were culture is transmitted through. Therefore, Literacy is a crucial acquisition one must learn to be self-equipped for science field, technology field, and office field work and many more. Initially, the ability to speak and write is Literacy, not only that but to be able to understand and recognize words and comprehend grammatical knowledge. According to Tyner (1998, p. 61), literacy is the ability to interact with others in the form of speaking, reading, listening and writing.
Reading about CLT made me conscious of its potential for addressing the difficulty in communication that my students had and this is what led me to search about the principles that I've chosen. I will give my own perspective on the use of authentic language, use of games and expressing thoughts and ideas in EFL classrooms. Additionally, I will offer evidence to support my position from literature. My choice of principles is showed in appendix 1. I believe that understanding these principles would allow me to support my learners effectively in their attempts to speak English.
Given that one of the primary goals for teaching students to read is for them to comprehend the materials they read, teachers must devise a method of assessing whether students, in fact, understand what they read. Even though different strategies are utilized in the teaching and assessment of reading performance,
Educators must acknowledge the differences in each component of emergent literacy and adjust teaching and scaffolding accordingly. Reading Components Emergent literacy focuses on three main components of literacy instruction, print awareness, language and phonological awareness. Oral language is a vital part of learning how to read and write. Humans constantly use language for communication, social
Indeed, to build the grounds for which teachers can foster their learners’ intrinsic reading motivation, the following strategies (Hunter, 2005) can be of practical application in classrooms. -The reading level of each text presented in the classroom should be coupled with the students’ cognitive
It gives strategies such as reader-generated questions. Asking learners to read a text, teachers must identify information that is necessary for understanding the text, evaluate learners' prior knowledge of these necessities, and fill any gaps that are found. It will help me to plan responsive activities around reading and interpreting texts. Sharing ideas, comparing perspectives, and coming to the agreement are all ways that learners use the language of the text in meaningful ways, and therefore progress to higher levels of language proficiency and reading
The beneficiaries of this study are; Ministry of Education, teachers teaching English Second Language and learners. The Ministry will conduct in-service training workshops to help the teachers to acquire knowledge and skills. When the English teachers are well equipped on pronouncing English words, they will be in a position to help learners to improve on pronouncing English words. Learners will acquire the knowledge from teachers in English lessons and utilize the methods that will help them to improve their
Aural means related to sense of hearing and oral related to verbal communication. Surely when the student is getting better in both listening and speaking they will reach communicative competence. Communicative competence refers to the level of language learning that enables language users to convey their message to others and to understand others’ messages within specific context (Hymes, 1972). Of course to reach this competence, both listening and speaking improvement is really needed. The Aural-Oral approach is very effective to be implemented in English Language Teaching in case to build communicative competence of student.