Aim: The reason I have selected this topic is that nanotechnology is a fast rising technology with massive potential in various fields such as information and communication technology, biology and biotechnology, medicine and medical technology. Focus: I shall be mainly focusing on the use of this technology in medical science. Methodology: Nanotechnology is a technique that basically involves operating and manipulating properties and configurations at the nanoscale level, for example, as tiny as the fractions of the width of a human hair. There are many books that I will use which have information about uses of nanotechnology, these include: MEDICAL NANOTECHNOLOGY AND NANOMEDICIN, NANOTECHNOLOGY AND CANCER AND lastly NANOMEDICINE IN DRUG DELIVERY.
The Biotechnology is also used in the sports area. The Athletic and Cognitive Enhancement is one of the biggest issues in the past fifty years. Many athlete today seem to be stronger and better than the twenty century. We tend to believe that the Biotechnology plays a decisive
Biotechnology consists of two Greek words being ‘bios’, meaning ‘’everything to do with life’’, and ‘technikos’ implying ‘’involving human knowledge and skills’’. (1.) Biotechnology harnesses bimolecular and cellular processes in order to develop technologies and products that can possibly help improve life and health on our planet focusing on to feed, heal, and fuel the world. Humans have used the biological process of microorganisms for over 6,000 years formulating useful products, such as breads and cheese. (2.)
However, there are many factors of nanomaterials that can have implication on the economy, environment, social and ethics that must be considered before full legalisation for use in the human body and further research. Nevertheless, nanotechnology in medicine and research is already starting to have an influential and enormous impact on our society with many benefits. With time the risks that it poses will overcome and allow it contribute in a positive way to cancer treatment for example, and hopefully expand to other areas of medicine as research in this field
I. Introduction : Nanotechnology has potential to solve problems related to human civilizations pertaining to both basic needs and aspirations for comfort life. The basic needs of human being are food, drinking water, energy, cloth, shelter, health and clean environment. The aspirations for comfort life are realizing the automation in every field, space travel and expanded life-span and so on. Due to continuous efforts of scientists and engineers during last 30 years, there is a substantial progress in realizing the nanotechnology based components and products in different areas including agriculture, food product and packaging, purification of water, automobiles, atmospheric cleaning, renewable energy, energy storage, consumer goods, sports
Some techniques have come in use, some are under development and some are only imagined. Nanotechnology in medicine involves applications of nanoparticles in various medical procedures, as well as longer range research that involves the use of manufactured nano‐robots to make repairs at the cellular level (sometimes referred to as nanomedicine). Nanotechnology in Medicine Application: Drug
Nowadays, biotechnology can be found virtually everywhere around us such as in our foods, drinks, clothes, medicine, plant, animals and many other things that we used and sometimes we doesn’t realize that it is the product from the biotechnology. What is biotechnology? Biotechnology can be defined by the words itself: bios that give the meaning of life, while technology means technique or process or scientific investigation used in the production of product or services to solve the problem. So, biotechnology means the use of technology and living organism for human benefits to solve the problem. Earlier, biotechnology is applied domestically in animals, plants crops, and also use of the microorganism to make bread, yogurt and cheese in order
Practically, it analyses the relations between population growth and availability of food. For instance, studies have shown that humanity will face permanent shortage of food resulting from that the growth of population significantly overgrowths potential of agriculture for producing food. However, the concept was proven wrong thanks to development of science of green biotechnology. Green biotechnology uses technologies to produce crops with high fertility and resistant towards biotic and abiotic stress, and ensures application of environmentally friendly fertilizers. Major technologies applied includes plant cells and tissue cultivation and micropropagation, application of molecular engineering for selection of plants with designed properties (GMO), marker assisted selection - the use of tools such as molecular markers or DNA fingerprinting can map thousands of genes.
They find their use in medicine, agriculture, industry, crop production and animal husbandry etc. Hence transgenic animals, without doubt, is considered to be one of the most important application of biotechnological processes. Some of the various fields in which transgenic animals can be put to use are described below: USE OF TRANSGENIC ANIMALS IN MEDICINE: The use of transgenic animals in medicine is one of the most successful idea in the era of mankind. There are many areas in which transgenic animals can be put to use, as follows: 1. Normal physiology and development: Transgenic animals can be used to test the effect of the excess or deficiency of certain elements (as required) on human health.