Benefits Of Doping In Sport

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In today 's world, the sports field has acquired great importance in all aspects, especially in the economic and social, because it’s not only an activity that millions of people observe and practice around the world, it´s also a business of thousands of millions of dollars a year, from advertising contracts, television broadcasting rights, among others.
Due to the competitive nature of the sport, as well as the trend towards a fair competition trend, commonly known as Fair Play, there have been some athletes that look forward to win or to do it with less effort and its consequent benefits by the use of substances denounced as illegal by various international deals, laws, federative regulations and other types of regulations such as the World
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This phenomenon, known as doping, has unfortunately become a widespread practice among athletes of countless disciplines and in multiple countries.
However, the practice of using substances that improve sports performance is as old as sport itself, where even ancient Greek athletes used special diets and stimulants to strengthen themselves, so it can be said that the history of doping goes back to the Olympic Games of Classical Grace, although it is not until the second half of the nineteenth century when its rise begins.
The term doping comes from the English word dope, which is derived from the African word dop, which in the simplest terms means drug. Its use was generalized to refer to all types of hallucinogenic substance and later the word doping was limited to the sports field, where it is defined as the use of stimulant drugs or substances to artificially boost the performance of athletes.
The most commonly used substances are androgenic agents such as anabolic steroids. These allow athletes to train harder, recover more quickly and build more muscle, but they can lead to kidney damage and increased
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They are also addictive. Products such as morphine and oxycodone are banned but the opiate-derived painkiller codeine is allowed.
Then there are peptide hormones. These are substances such as EPO (erythropoietin) - which increases bulk, strength and red blood cell count and gives athletes more energy - and HGH (human growth hormone), which builds muscle.
The controversy arose when the first serious effects were registered as a result of doping, so that in the 1920s it became clear the need to impose restrictions on the use of drugs in sport. Most international sports federations introduced anti-doping controls during the 1970s.
There are two types of doping tests: in-competition tests and out-of-competition tests. An athlete can be summoned to testing at anytime and anywhere, either in their home country or abroad.
IN-COMPETITION TESTS
In-competition tests refer to doping tests performed in connection with a competition event. Unless otherwise specified in the rules of the international or another relevant anti-doping organization, this refers to a period starting 12 hours prior to the competition and ending at the end of the competition and the related collection of

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